Vito Michele Fazio

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Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive lung tumor subtype with poor prognosis. We sequenced 29 SCLC exomes, 2 genomes and 15 transcriptomes and found an extremely high mutation rate of 7.4±1 protein-changing mutations per million base pairs. Therefore, we conducted integrated analyses of the various data sets to identify pathogenetically relevant(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major health problem in industrialized countries. Although inflammation-linked carcinogenesis is a well accepted concept and is often observed within the gastrointestinal tract, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Inflammation can indeed provide initiating and promoting stimuli and mediators, generating a(More)
To determine the frequency and distribution of mitochondrial DNA mutations in breast cancer, 18 primary breast tumors were analyzed by direct sequencing. Twelve somatic mutations not present in matched lymphocytes and normal breast tissues were detected in 11 of the tumors screened (61%). Of these mutations, five (42%) were deletions or insertions in a(More)
The efficiency of plasmid gene transfer to skeletal muscle can be significantly improved by the application of an electrical field to the muscle following injection of plasmid DNA. However, this electrotransfer is associated with significant muscle damage which may result in substantial loss of transfected muscle fibres. Reduction of the voltage used in the(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations scattered through coding and noncoding regions have been reported in cancer. The mechanisms that generate such mutations and the importance of mtDNA mutations in tumor development are still not clear. Here we present the identification of a specific and highly polymorphic homopolymeric C stretch (D310), located within the(More)
Aberrant promoter methylation of several known or putative tumor suppressor genes occurs frequently during carcinogenesis, and this epigenetic change has been considered as a potential molecular marker for cancer. We examined the methylation status of nine genes (APC, CDH1, CTNNB1, TIMP3, ESR1, GSTP1, MGMT, THBS1, and TMS1), by quantitative methylation(More)
N oonan syndrome (MIM 163950), an autosomal dominant disorder with an estimated prevalence of 1/1000– 2500 at birth, is characterised by short stature, facial anomalies, pterygium colli, and congenital heart disease. 2 Although pulmonary valve stenosis with dysplastic leaflets, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and atrial septal defects (ASD) are the most common(More)
Mature mouse sperm cells incubated in an isotonic buffer with cloned DNA capture DNA molecules over a 15 min period. Spermatozoa incubated with pSV2CAT plasmid in either circular or linear form were used to fertilize mouse eggs in vitro. Sequences complementary to pSV2CAT were identified in approximately 30% of 250 progeny by Southern blotting. A genomic(More)
Due to their rapid and widespread development, DNA vaccines have entered into a variety of human clinical trials for vaccines against various diseases including cancer. Evidence that DNA vaccines are well tolerated and have an excellent safety profile proved to be of advantage as many clinical trials combines the first phase with the second, saving both(More)
When mouse spermatozoa were briefly exposed in culture to radioactively labelled DNA (pSV2CAT plasmid), radioactivity could be detected by high-resolution autoradiography on the surface and within the nucleus of the spermatozoa. Spermatozoa from other mammalian species (boar, bull, man) could also bind foreign DNA. With the exclusion of human spermatozoa,(More)