Vito Lampasona

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The majority of patients with insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) have Abs to 40- and/or 37-kDa tryptic fragments (37/40K-Abs) deriving from an unidentified islet cell membrane protein distinct from glutamate decarboxylase (GAD). Recently, autoantibodies against ICA512, which has identity with the protein tyrosine phosphatase-like protein IA2, were reported.(More)
Our aim was to determine the relationships between autoantibodies to zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8), genotypes of the ZnT8-encoding gene SLC30A8 and type 1 diabetes risk. ZnT8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A) were measured in sera of 1,633 children with a first-degree family history of type 1 diabetes and who were prospectively followed from birth. Antibodies were(More)
Dietary gluten, vitamin D3, and fish-oil are suggested to influence the incidence of autoimmune diabetes. To determine whether modification of their intake could reduce diabetes incidence and autoimmunity in mice, pups from female non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice were fed diets modified for protein source, fatty acid content, and/or vitamin D3 content and were(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of metformin for treating patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and to identify endocrine and metabolic phenotypic features or tumor molecular markers associated with sensitivity to metformin antineoplastic action. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We designed an open-label, randomized, phase II trial to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) is a recently identified major autoantigen in type 1 diabetes, and autoantibodies to ZnT8 (ZnT8A) are new markers for disease prediction and diagnosis. Here we report the results of the first international proficiency evaluation of ZnT8A assays by the Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program (DASP). METHODS After a(More)
Autoimmunity precedes clinical type 1 diabetes, and indicators of maturing autoimmune responses may be useful markers for disease prediction. To study this, epitope maturation of autoantibodies to the related protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP)-like autoantigens IA-2 and IA-2beta was examined in sequential samples from birth in a cohort of 21 offspring(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Silent coeliac disease is a gluten driven autoimmune disease which is relatively frequent in patients with Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. To determine the extent of gluten associated autoimmunity in Type I diabetes, autoantibodies to tissue transglutaminase C, a major autoantigen in coeliac disease, were measured in patients(More)
TheDiabetes Antibody Standardization Program (DASP) was established to assess proficiency and harmonize the measurement of islet autoantibodies in laboratories throughout the world, as well as evaluate novel antibody assay developments (1–4). It has been shown that antibodies to islet antigen 2 (IA-2A) are associated with a high risk of progression to type(More)
OBJECTIVE Heterozygous, gain-of-function mutations of the insulin gene can cause permanent diabetes with onset ranging from the neonatal period through adulthood. The aim of our study was to screen for the insulin gene in patients who had been clinically classified as type 1 diabetic but who tested negative for type 1 diabetes autoantibodies. RESEARCH(More)
BACKGROUND Antibodies against aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a water channel particularly expressed on perivascular astrocytic podocytes, are proposed as a marker for the diagnosis of neuromyelitis optica (NMO). However, a consensus on seroprevalence and optimal detection method has not yet been reached. OBJECTIVES To investigate the performance of different assays(More)