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Clinical evidence suggests that cellular immunity is involved in controlling human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) replication. An animal model of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus monkey, was used to show that virus replication is not controlled in monkeys depleted of CD8+ lymphocytes(More)
During peak viremia and initial antibody response, rhesus macaques infected with pathogenic and nonpathogenic isolates of SIV show distinct differences in viral load and tissue distribution. Animals infected with pathogenic isolates of SIV invariably have virus in the CSF and brain parenchyma by two weeks postinoculation, whereas animals infected with(More)
Residues 17 and 18 in nef of SIVmac239 were changed from RQ to YE to create a translated sequence of SRPSGDLYERLLRARGETYGRLLGEVEDGYSQSP from residues 10-43. The YXXL motifs in this context match very well with consensus sequences for SH2 binding domains and are similar to ones present in nef of the acutely lethal pathogen SIVpbj14. The YE variant of(More)
Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) develop immunologic dysfunction and multiorgan inflammatory diseases directly associated with HIV-1 infection. Of these inflammatory diseases, the most devastating to the HIV-infected patient is involvement of the central nervous system (CNS). The pathogenesis of the clinical syndrome observed in(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is neuroinvasive and can be neurovirulent. Indeed, 20-30% of individuals with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) develop cognitive and motor dysfunction (termed the AIDS dementia complex or HIV dementia) coincident with advanced immunosuppression. Despite massive research efforts to discern viral(More)
Equine herpesvirus 9 (EHV-9), the newest member of the equine herpesvirus family, is a highly neurotropic herpesvirus that induces encephalitis in a variety of animals. To access transmission of EHV-9 in the nasal cavity and brain, a suckling hamster model was developed so that precise sagittal sections of nasal and cranial cavities including the brain(More)
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