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AIMS The IMPROVE observational study evaluated the safety profile and effectiveness of biphasic insulin aspart 30/70 (BIAsp 30) in patients with type 2 diabetes in routine practice in 11 countries. METHODS Patients who initiated insulin therapy with, or switched existing insulin therapy to, BIAsp 30 in routine care were eligible for this 26-week,(More)
AIMS The IMPROVE study is a multinational, open-label, non-randomised, 26-week observational study assessing the safety and effectiveness of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) treatment in type 2 diabetes in routine clinical practice. The principal aims of this report were to characterise the baseline population and physicians' treatment decisions. (More)
BACKGROUND Early initiation of insulin therapy has widely been associated with numerous benefits, including improved glycaemic control and reduced long-term risk of developing microvascular diseases. Biphasic insulins offer a convenient option for insulin initiation, addressing both basal and postprandial insulin requirements with one injection, making them(More)
AIMS Hypoglycemia is a potential risk in the management of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and hospitalized in internal medicine units (IMUs). The aim of this analysis was to evaluate incidence of hypoglycemia and related risk factors in a group of patients admitted to IMUs. METHODS We used the FADOI-DIAMOND study carried out in 53 Italian(More)
BACKGROUND In this era of evidence-based medicine, clinicians require a comprehensive range of well-designed studies to support prescribing decisions and patient management. In recent years, data from observational studies have become an increasingly important source of evidence because of improvements in observational-study methods and advances in(More)
In a group of ten adult obese subjects, maintained for 15 days on a normal caloric intake and balanced diet, the activity of hexokinase (EC,6-phosphofructokinase (EC, and ATP citratelyase (EC in the adipose tissue was significantly increased, both on a protein and on a fat cell number basis, compared to matched normal subjects.(More)
AIMS IMPROVE is an open-label, multinational, non-randomised, 26-week observational study designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 30) in routine clinical practice. Here, we report data for patients switching to BIAsp 30 from human premixed insulin. METHODS Patients (n = 3856) with type 2 diabetes previously(More)
AIMS The international IMPROVE observational study investigated the safety profile and effectiveness of biphasic insulin aspart 30/70 (BIAsp 30) in the routine treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes. We present analyses for the subgroup of patients who switched from basal insulin to BIAsp 30. METHODS Patients in routine care who started insulin(More)
With respect to the enzymes of NADPH-forming metabolic pathways in human leukocytes: (a) Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating) were less active in leukocytes (mostly myeloblasts) from eight patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (I) than in leukocytes (mostly granulocytes) from 16 normal subjects (II). (b)(More)
Enzyme activities operative in glucose degradation and citrate cleavage pathway were studied in the adipose tissue of twenty-four patients with adult-onset diabetes and normal body weight, aged 59+/-9 years, and twenty-four matched controls. In normal tissue, type II (heat-inactivated) hexokinase moderately predominated over type I (heat-resistant).(More)