Vito Bellantuono

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Dramatic declines in amphibian populations have been described all over the world since the 1980s. The evidence that the sensitivity to environmental threats is greater in amphibians than in mammals has been generally linked to the observation that amphibians are characterized by a rather permeable skin. Nevertheless, a numerical comparison of data of(More)
Capsaicin at low concentrations increases the short circuit current (SCC) across frog skin. Simultaneous measurements of both transepithelial fluxes of 22Na or 36Cl demonstrate that the SCC increase is due to stimulation of sodium active absorption. Capsaicin acts through the liberation of several peptides; thus these peptides were tested on the SCC across(More)
The presence of atrazine in agricultural sites has been linked to the decline in amphibian populations. The efforts of the scientific community generally are directed toward investigating the long-term effect of atrazine on complex functions (reproduction or respiration), but in the present study, we investigated the short-term effect on the short-circuit(More)
Frog skin transports ions and water under hormonal control. In spite of the fundamental role played by adrenergic stimulation in maintaining the water balance of the organism, the receptor subtype(s) present in the skin have not been identified yet. We measured the increase in short-circuit current (ISC, an estimate of ion transport) induced by cirazoline,(More)
Pyrethroids are grouped into two classes (types I and II) because of the absence or presence of an alpha-cyano substituent and the production of a different intoxication syndrome in rodents. In this study, we investigated the effect of pyrethroids on the ion transport across frog skin (Rana esculenta). The short-circuit current value (estimate of ion(More)
Dopamine addition to the internal fluid bathing the isolated frog skin results in a strong increase of short circuit current (SCC) across this tissue. The effect is dose-dependent, 10(-4) M being the dose resulting in maximal effect. The measure of transepithelial fluxes of both 22Na+ and 36Cl- across symmetrical parts of skin short-circuited in permanence(More)
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) added to the internal fluid bathing the isolated skin of Rana esculenta strongly stimulates the active sodium absorption. This action is dose-dependent, the dose eliciting the maximal effect being 2 . 10(-7) M; alpha and beta CGRP exhibit the same potency. The CGRP action on sodium transport is mainly due to its(More)
1. The pesticide carbaryl induces Cl- secretion through the isolated frog skin. 2. This effect is due to the activation of both processes responsible for this phenomenon: (a) Na+/K+/2Cl- cotransport on the serosal membrane; (b) Cl- selective channels on the external membrane. 3. Cl- outflux is inhibited by bumetanide (10(-5) M) on the serosal side and by(More)
Cyclosporin A (Cs A), added to the fluid bathing the internal surface of the isolated skin of Rana esculenta, increased short-circuit current (SCC) with a maximal effect at 5 microM. This effect was completely inhibited by amiloride (0.2 mM in the fluid bathing the external surface). By measuring both transepithelial fluxes of 22Na+ across symmetrical parts(More)
In the last five years, several measurements of 22Na+ influx (Ji) and outflux (Jo) across symmetrical parts of the isolated skin of Rana esculenta, under permanent short circuitation, were performed in our Institute. The mean value of the 22Na+ net fluxes (Ji-Jo) exceeded the mean value of the short circuit current measurements (1.14 +/- 0.04 versus 0.98(More)