Learn More
Several aspects of the regulation of androgen secretion and plasma levels in males remain controversial. Among these, we cite the problem of whether the age-related decrease in testosterone (T) levels is an intrinsic aging phenomenon or is a sequel of previous illness, the mechanisms underlying the increase in sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG)-binding(More)
In obese men, sex hormone-binding globulin levels (SHBG) as well as total plasma testosterone (T) levels are decreased. Data concerning the levels of nonprotein-bound testosterone (FT) are discordant, with some researchers reporting normal levels, and other reporting decreased levels. The latter imply an impairment of the feedback regulation mechanism of FT(More)
Micronutrients, mostly iodine and selenium, are required for thyroid hormone synthesis and function. Iodine is an essential component of thyroid hormones and its deficiency is considered as the most common cause of preventable brain damage in the world. Nowadays about 800 million people are affected by iodine deficiency disorders that include goiter,(More)
The aim of this retrospective observational study was to evaluate whether adding liraglutide to lifestyle changes, metformin (Met) and testosterone replacement therapy (TRT), by means of improving weight and glycaemic control, could boost erectile function in type 2 diabetic obese men with overt hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction (ED) in a 'real-life(More)
Plasma androstanediol-glucuronide (ADG) is considered by many authors to be a highly reliable parameter of peripheral androgenicity. Recently, several authors have questioned the reliability of the ADG levels as a parameter of androgenicity. Our data obtained by continuous infusion experiments showed that in women the adrenal steroids,(More)
The objective of this study was to estimate the minimum in vivo effective oral dose and duration of action of the competitive 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor MK-906, a 4-azasteroid, in humans. Plasma dihydrotesterone (DHT), 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol (AD), and its glucuronide (ADG), as well as urinary androsterone (A) and 5 alpha-pregnane-3(More)
CONTEXT Aging in men is associated with a decline in serum testosterone (T) levels. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess whether decreased T in aging might result from increased estradiol (E2) negative feedback on gonadotropin secretion. DESIGN AND SETTING We conducted a comparative intervention study (2004) in the Outpatient Endocrinology Clinic,(More)
Although androstanediol (AD) and androstanediolglucuronide (ADG) are generally considered to be parameters of peripheral androgen action, their plasma levels do not always vary in parallel, suggesting that they may have different precursors. Few hard data being available concerning ADG precursors in women, we studied in postmenopausal women with absent or(More)
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE Current diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have generated distinct PCOS phenotypes, based on the different combinations of diagnostic features found in each patient. Our aim was to assess whether either each single diagnostic feature or their combinations into the PCOS phenotypes may predict insulin resistance in(More)
Selenium and iodine are essential for thyroid hormone synthesis and function. Selenium, in form of selenocysteine, is found either in the catalytic center of enzymes involved in the protection of the thyroid gland from free radicals originating during thyroid hormone synthesis, and in three different iodothyronine deiodinases catalyzing the activation and(More)