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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) with tumor-suppressor potential might have therapeutic applications in multiple myeloma (MM) through the modulation of still undiscovered molecular pathways. Here, we investigated the effects of enforced expression of miR-29b on the apoptotic occurrence in MM and highlighted its role in the context of a new transcriptional loop that is(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive disorders are commonly comorbid with alcoholism, particularly in treatment-seeking samples. If antidepressant treatment were safe and improved the treatment outcome in the subset of actively drinking alcoholics with depression, this would be of clinical importance. METHODS We conducted a randomized, 12-week placebo-controlled trial(More)
Sparse data exist regarding the risks and benefits of treating bipolar-II depression with antidepressants alone. On the basis of studies of bipolar-I patients, treatment guidelines suggest antidepressants should be augmented with mood stabilizers. Whether these recommendations apply to bipolar-II is unclear. A post-hoc analysis of a double-blind study,(More)
Unmedicated depressed outpatients were tested on dichotic syllable and complex tone tests prior to receiving 16 weekly sessions of cognitive therapy (n = 31) or 6-12 weeks of placebo treatment (n = 45). Cognitive-therapy responders had twice the right-ear (left hemisphere) advantage for syllables when compared with nonresponders but did not differ from(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of the virtually ubiquitous nature of the initial 10-day placebo run-in period (IPR) in drug trials, there is little empirical data establishing its relevance. METHOD Data from 593 subjects were examined retrospectively to determine whether or not the prognosis of subjects minimally improved during the IPR was different to those who(More)
BACKGROUND We attempt to identify the time when patients whose conditions are unimproved while receiving antidepressants are unlikely to respond and should have their treatment changed. METHODS A total of 593 patients were studied. The course of treatment for patients was examined to determine the weeks at which patients who received drug therapy had a(More)
As a partial test of whether the same or different patients benefit from cognitive therapy and tricyclic antidepressant agents, depressed outpatients first received cognitive therapy, then nonresponders were treated with either imipramine or placebo. If the two treatments were effective for the same subgroup of patients, imipramine should not be more(More)
Medication discontinuation due to intolerable side-effects remains a significant clinical problem in the treatment of depression. We were unable to locate studies which found predictors of medication cessation due to side-effects. We posited that an identifiable subgroup of medically healthy, depressed adults who discontinued medication because of adverse(More)
PURPOSE The aims of this study were to identify predictors of remission from chronic depression in a prospective longitudinal general population survey; second, to determine the relative level functioning and well-being of those in remission. METHODS The sample included respondents who met the criteria for major depressive disorder from Wave 1 (2001-2002)(More)
BACKGROUND This article tests the hypothesis that remission from substance use disorders is associated with smoking cessation in nicotine dependent young adults. DESIGN AND METHODS The sample was composed of 976 young adults with lifetime substance use disorders and nicotine dependence who were subjects in the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol(More)