Vithal Prasad Myneedu

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BACKGROUND The objectives of the study were to compare the performance of line probe assay (GenoType MTBDRplus) with solid culture method for an early diagnosis of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and to study the mutation patterns associated with rpoB, katG and inhA genes at a tertiary care centre in north India. METHODS In this cross-sectional(More)
SETTING National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases (erstwhile Lala Ram Sarup Institute) in Delhi, India. OBJECTIVES To evaluate before and after the introduction of the line Probe Assay (LPA) a) the overall time to MDR-TB diagnosis and treatment initiation; b) the step-by-step time lapse at each stage of patient management; and c) the(More)
BACKGROUND India has the highest estimated burden of tuberculosis in the world, accounting for 21% of all tuberculosis cases world-wide. However, due to lack of systematic analysis using multiple markers the available information on the genomic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in India is limited. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Thus, 65 M.(More)
BACKGROUND Simple biomarkers are required to identify TB in both HIV(-)TB(+) and HIV(+)TB(+) patients. Earlier studies have identified the M. tuberculosis Malate Synthase (MS) and MPT51 as immunodominant antigens in TB patients. One goal of these investigations was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of anti-MS and -MPT51 antibodies as biomarkers(More)
PURPOSE There is scarcity of prevalence data of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) data and common mutations responsible in North India. This study aimed to detect MDR-TB among MDR-TB suspects from Delhi and mutation patterns using GenoType MTBDRplus assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS All MDR suspects in five districts of New Delhi were referred to the(More)
INTRODUCTION A large number of tuberculosis cases are continuously being reported from India and other developing countries leading to high morbidity and mortality. In spite of many newer tests available for diagnosing a case of tuberculosis, smear microscopy of sputum is still the preferred test under programmatic conditions. The current national and(More)
An 18-year-old boy presented with a rare association of a thyroid tubercular abscess and bilateral symmetrical hilar lymphadenopathy. He was put on a Category I regimen with standard short course daily chemotherapy of four anti-tubercular drugs under the National Tuberculosis Programme. After a six-month of anti-tubercular treatment (ATT), the boy showed(More)
The need for an accurate, rapid, simple and affordable point-of-care (POC) test for Tuberculosis (TB) that can be implemented in microscopy centers and other peripheral health-care settings in the TB-endemic countries remains unmet. This manuscript describes preliminary results of a new prototype rapid lateral flow TB test based on detection of antibodies(More)
Nucleic acid amplification tests have improved tuberculosis diagnostics considerably. This study evaluates a new amplification test, the GenoType Mycobacteria Direct (GTMD) test, for detection of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium intracellulare, Mycobacterium kansasii, and Mycobacterium malmoense directly in 61(More)