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Norbinaltorphimine (nor-BNI) is a bifunctional reagent developed as a selective antagonist of the kappa opioid receptor. In this paper we examined the in vitro selectivity of nor-BNI, 6-desoxy-6 beta-fluoronaltrexone (cycloFOXY), and the enantiomer of cycloFOXY, among opioid receptor subtypes. Nor BNI exhibited the highest affinity for kappa binding sites(More)
Previous experiments resolved four kappa binding sites in guinea pig brain termed kappa 1a, kappa 1b, and kappa 2b. The present study was undertaken to examine the occurrence of kappa receptor subtypes in rat and human brain. [3H]U69,593 and [3H]bremazocine were used to label kappa 1 and kappa 2 binding sites, respectively, present in brain membranes(More)
Studies conducted after the development of the rapid filtration assay for opiate receptors, and before the recognition of multiple opioid receptors, failed to detect changes in opioid receptors induced by chronic morphine. Recent experiments conducted in our laboratories were designed to examine the hypothesis that only one of several opioid receptor types(More)
beta-Funaltrexamine (beta-FNA) is an alkylating derivative of naltrexone. Considerable data support its use as an irreversible mu receptor antagonist. However, pretreatment of rats with beta-FNA attenuates the ability of delta antagonists and naloxone to reverse delta receptor-mediated physiological effects, suggesting that physically adjacent mu and delta(More)
Several lines of data support the existence of two classes of delta receptors: the delta cx binding site, which is the delta binding site of the mu-delta opioid receptor complex, and the delta ncx, which is the noncomplexed delta receptor. [D-Ala2,Leu5,Cys6]Enkephalin (DALCE) is an extended analog of [Leu5]enkephalin, which has been shown to bind(More)
beta-Funaltrexamine (beta-FNA) is an alkylating derivative of naltrexone. In addition to acting as an irreversible inhibitor of mu-receptor-mediated physiological effects, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of beta-FNA to rat attenuates the ability of selective delta receptor antagonists and naloxone to reverse delta receptor-mediated effects.(More)
A variety of data support the existence of an opioid receptor complex composed of distinct but interacting mu cx and delta cx binding sites, where "cx" indicates "in the complex." The ability of subantinociceptive doses of [Leu5]enkephalin and [Met5]enkephalin to potentiate and attenuate morphine-induced antinociception, respectively, is thought to be(More)
Guinea pig brain membranes depleted of mu and delta receptors by pretreatment with the site-directed acylating agents, 2-(4-ethoxybenzyl)-1- diethylaminoethyl-5-isothiocyanatobenzimidazole.HCl (BIT) and N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-(4-isothiocyanato)phenethyl)-4- piperidinyl]-propanamide.HCl (FIT), were used in this study to test the hypothesis that guinea pig brain(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that chronic administration of morphine up-regulated the lower affinity binding site for [3H][D-ala2,D-leu5]enkephalin, without producing a detectable alteration in the higher affinity binding site for [3H][D-ala2,D-leu5]enkephalin (Rothman et al., Eur. J. Pharmac. 124: 113-119, 1986). The experiments reported in this(More)