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Systematic measurements of the temperature coecient for alanine electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) response have been performed for irradiation in the temperature range (10±50)8C and in the absorbed dose range (1±100) kGy at the dose rate 9.5 kGy/h. During the Co -ray irradiation, -L-alanine dosimeters were kept in a sealed aluminum holder that provided(More)
BACKGROUND The animal efficacy rule addressing development of drugs for selected disease categories has pointed out the need to develop alternative large animal models. Based on this rule, the pathophysiology of the disease in the animal model must be well characterized and must reflect that in humans. So far, manifestations of the acute radiation syndrome(More)
A one-year study of the EPR signal of g-irradiated (Co) L-a-alanine with simultaneous monitoring of the cavity Q-factor was undertaken. The widespread opinion that the EPR signal remains absolutely stable under normal laboratory storage conditions is inaccurate. At 0% humidity, the signal can be regarded as stable within 21% of its initial value for 6(More)
High stability of the radiation-induced radicals in alanine and the high reproducibility of alanine response to radiation make it possible to determine radiation doses accurately with Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectral analysis. Small uncontrollable variations of the EPR spectrometer sensitivity, however, can signi®cantly deteriorate the(More)
Additional large animal models for the acute radiation syndrome (ARS) would facilitate countermeasure development. We demonstrate here that Gottingen minipigs develop hematopoietic ARS symptoms similar to those observed in canines, non-human primates (NHPs) and humans. Dosimetry for whole-body γ irradiation (0.6 Gy/min) was performed using electronic(More)
The present communication describes the technical aspects of the first application of an imaging plate for visualization of (90)Sr deposited in human teeth. The teeth were obtained from Techa River area residents who were exposed as a result of releases of radioactivity into the Techa River by the first Soviet nuclear plant Mayak in the early 1950s. The(More)
Threats of nuclear and other radiologic exposures have been increasing, but no countermeasure for acute radiation syndrome has been approved by regulatory authorities. Because of their similarity to humans in regard to physiology and anatomy, we are characterizing Gottingen minipigs as a model to aid the development of radiation countermeasures. Irradiated(More)
This study evaluates both the effects of physical restraint and use of candidate biomarkers in a CD2F1 male mouse partial-body irradiation model for biological dosimetry diagnostic assays. Mice were irradiated (6-Gy, 250-kVp X ray) to 3/3rd (total body), 2/3rd (gut and torso), 1/3rd (gut only) and 0/3rd (sham) of total body. Blood was sampled for(More)
The present note describes new advancements to a valued tool in retrospective biodosimetry that lower the threshold of detection of radiation dose to 29 mGy. The advanced method is based on the electron paramagnetic resonance measurements of stable radiation-induced radicals in tooth enamel. Earlier this method had been used only for reconstruction of high(More)
The aim of this work was to determine levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cancer antigen (CA 15-3) in the blood serum of 45 bitches. A modified procedure was used to determine the CEA and CA 15-3 markers with the human kits using the radioimmunoassay method. Samples collected from extirpated tumour of mammary glands were histologically processed(More)