Vitaly I Kalikmanov

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We propose a relation for the work of critical cluster formation in nucleation theory W for the systems with long-range interparticle interactions. The method of bridge functions is used to combine the system behavior at sufficiently small quenches, adequately predicted by the classical nucleation theory, with nonclassical effects at deep quenches in the(More)
A new semiphenomenological model of homogeneous vapor-liquid nucleation is proposed in which the cluster kinetics follows the "kinetic approach to nucleation" and the thermodynamic part is based on the revised Fisher droplet model with the mean-field argument for the cluster configuration integral. The theory is nonperturbative in a cluster size and as such(More)
Large discrepancies between binary classical nucleation theory (BCNT) and experiments result from adsorption effects and inability of BCNT, based on the phenomenological capillarity approximation, to treat small clusters. We propose a model aimed at eliminating both of these deficiencies. Adsorption is taken into account within Gibbsian approximation.(More)
We present an overview of the current status of experimental, theoretical, molecular dynamics (MD), and density functional theory (DFT) studies of argon vapor-to-liquid nucleation. Since the experimental temperature-supersaturation domain does not overlap with the corresponding MD and DFT domains, separate comparisons have been made: theory versus(More)
We show theoretically that a binary fluid characterized on a mesoscopic scale by purely repulsive short-range interactions without cores possesses an effective attraction between like particles. This "soft depletion effect" is a generic phenomenon driving a mixing-demixing transition in a binary system with pure repulsions.
Classical theory of multi-component nucleation [O. Hirschfelder, J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2690 (1974)] belongs to the class of the so-called intractable problems: it requires computational time which is an exponential function of the number of components N. For a number of systems of practical interest with N > 10, the brute-force use of the classical theory(More)
A method is proposed for the prediction of deviations of the phase polynomial coefficients of diffractive optical elements from their nominal values due to fabrication errors. This problem represents an ill-posed inverse problem in diffraction optics. Its solution is based on the regularization technique resulting in an approximate stable (rather than exact(More)
Nucleation experiments in binary (a-b) mixtures, when component a is supersaturated and b (carrier gas) is undersaturated, reveal that for some mixtures at high pressures the a content of the critical cluster dramatically decreases with pressure contrary to expectations based on classical nucleation theory. We show that this phenomenon is a manifestation of(More)
Vapor-liquid nucleation in the binary system n-nonane/methane is investigated by molecular dynamics simulation. The supersaturation is achieved by cooling down the system during the expansion in order to closely mimic the real process. Binary clusters formed by nucleation are frequently inhomogeneous objects in which components are not well mixed. By(More)