Vitalii Anatol’evich Pukhalskiy

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Using the Information and Analytical System of Wheat Genetic Resources GRIS 3.2, the peculiarities of distribution of hybrid necrosis genes in bread wheat in different regions of the world were analyzed. Considerable variation in frequencies of the Ne1 and Ne2 genes in regions with different moisture and heat supply was revealed. A significant effect of(More)
Based on analysis of gliadin patterns in common wheat cultivars bred at the Research Institute of Agriculture of the Southeast, allele composition dynamics in gliadin loci has been surveyed for the period of over eight decades. It was shown that long-term breeding of the wheat cultivars involved gradual replacement of alleles characteristic of ancient(More)
The dynamics of genetic transformations at gliadin-coding loci in the winter common wheat cultivars produced in Serbia and Italy over 40 years of scientific breeding was studied. It was demonstrated that a number of alleles unique for the wheat cultivars of each country were substituted with the alleles of a limited number of donor cultivars, in particular,(More)
The results of analysis of the genome formation in interspecific hybrids of Triticum aestivum with T. timopheevii are reviewed. The spectra of substitutions and rearrangements are shown to depend on the genotypes of the parental forms and on the direction of selection. The frequencies of substitutions of individual T. timopheevii chromosomes significantly(More)
A comparison of similarity indices between 64 durum wheat cultivars calculated using pedigree analysis and RAPD method showed a correspondence between these two approaches to estimation of genetic diversity. The associations between the results of RAPD clustering and coefficients of parentage (χ2 test) and the coefficient of correlation between similarity(More)
Intraspecific divergence of hexaploid wheat Triticum spelta was studied by C-banding method in 41 accessions of different geographic origins. The spelt accessions did not differ in karyotype structure or heterochromatin distribution from common wheat, but showed greater intraspecific polymorphism by chromosome rearrangements (translocations, inversions) and(More)
Hybrid necrosis genotypes have been identified in 125 Russian cultivars of winter bread wheat. More than half of them (56%) carry the Ne2 gene (genotype ne1ne1Ne2Ne2); others are free of necrosis genes (genotype ne1ne1ne2ne2). The possible causes of the increase in the Ne2 allele frequency and the loss of the Ne1Ne1ne2ne2 genotype in modern Russian(More)
Based on genealogical analysis, the genetic diversity of 78 spring durum wheat cultivars released in Russia in 1929–2004 have been examined. The temporal trends of change in diversity were studied using series of n × m matrices (where n is the number of the cultivars and m is the number of original ancestors) and calculating coefficients of parentage in(More)
Genealogical analysis was used to study the dynamics of genetic diversity in Russian cultivars of winter common wheat from 1929 to 2005. The Shannon diversity index of the total set of released cultivars remained almost unchanged, although the number of original ancestors (landraces and genetic lines) increased almost tenfold in the period under study. This(More)
Generation of transgenic tobacco plants, producing double-stranded RNA with no homology to tobacco genome sequences is reported. The RNA synthesis is mediated by a construct containing an inverted repeat of the pBR322 tetracycline-resistance gene fragment under control of the 35S CaMV promoter. Analysis of the resistance of transgenic plants to the tobacco(More)