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BACKGROUND To characterize the cells responsible for neointima formation after porcine coronary artery wall injury, we studied the expression of smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation markers in 2 models: (1) self-expanding stent implantation resulting in no or little interruption of internal elastic lamina and (2) percutaneous transluminal coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Beta radiation is effective in reducing vascular neointimal proliferation in animals after injury caused by balloon angioplasty. However, the lowest dose that can prevent restenosis after coronary angioplasty has yet to be determined. METHODS After successful balloon angioplasty of a previously untreated coronary stenosis, 181 patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE Heterogeneous smooth muscle cell (SMC) populations have been described in the arteries of several species. We have investigated whether SMC heterogeneity is present in the porcine coronary artery, which is widely used as a model of restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS By using 2 isolation methods, distinct medial populations were identified:(More)
Based on recent advances, this article aims to review the biological basis for the use of either radiation or drug-eluting stents for the prevention of restenosis, and to elucidate the complementary role that they may play in the future. Vascular restenosis is a multifactorial process primarily driven by the remodeling of the arterial wall, as well as by(More)
OBJECTIVE The occurrence of atrial fibrillation after percutaneous closure of a patent foramen ovale for cryptogenic stroke has been reported in a variable percentage of patients. However, its precise incidence and mechanism are presently unclear and remain to be elucidated. DESIGN Prospective follow-up study. PATIENTS Ninety-two patients undergoing a(More)
PURPOSE A dosimetric evaluation of a new device dedicated to intravascular irradiation, associating a beta source and a centering device, was carried out before initiation of a clinical pilot study. METHODS AND MATERIALS A 29-mm-long 90Y coil, coated with titanium and fixed to the end of a thrust wire, was introduced into the inner lumen of purpose-built(More)
Aberrant coronary arteries are frequently observed in patients presenting with Fallot's tetralogy (TOF). Before the complete surgical repair of the TOF, the percutaneously performed pulmonary trunk (PT) angioplasty is often performed in order to temporarily increase the pulmonary circulation, thus increasing the pulmonary vessel size, finally improving(More)
PURPOSE Ionizing radiation has been shown to be a powerful inhibitor of neointimal hyperplasia following arterial injury in several animal models of post-percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (post-PTCA) restenosis. This was previously shown to be associated with a reduction in smooth muscle cell (SMC) mitotic activity. This study evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND With the aim of decreasing the incidence of restenosis after coronary balloon angioplasty, we developed a technique of intracoronary beta-irradiation using an endoluminally centered pure metallic 90Y source. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical feasibility and safety profile of this approach with a dose of 18 Gy delivered(More)
BACKGROUND Intra-arterial gamma irradiation has been shown to reduce restenosis after balloon angioplasty. The use of beta emitters should allow similar effects while inducing less undue tissue irradiation radioprotection problems. METHODS AND RESULTS Flexible 90-yttrium (90Y) coils inside a centering balloon were used to allow homogeneous intraarterial(More)