Vitali Sintchenko

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Australia is experiencing a prolonged epidemic of pertussis that began in 2008. A total of 194 Bordetella pertussis isolates collected from 2008 through 2010 were typed by single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis, by multilocus variable number tandem repeats analysis, and by fim3, prn, and ptxP sequence analyses. Strains with 2 closely related SNP(More)
Acellular vaccines against Bordetella pertussis were introduced in Australia in 1997. By 2000, these vaccines had replaced whole-cell vaccines. During 2008-2012, a large outbreak of pertussis occurred. During this period, 30% (96/320) of B. pertussis isolates did not express the vaccine antigen pertactin (Prn). Multiple mechanisms of Prn inactivation were(More)
Design: A DSS containing four types of evidence (patient microbiology reports, local antibiotic guidelines, unit-specific antibiotic susceptibility data for common bacterial pathogens, and a clinical pulmonary infection score calculator) was developed and implemented on a handheld computer for use in the intensive care unit at a tertiary referral hospital.(More)
Previous reviews of electronic decision-support systems (EDSS) have often treated them as a single category, and factors that may modify their effectiveness of EDSS have not been examined. The objective was to summarise the evidence associating the use of computerised decision support and improved patient outcomes. PubMed/Medline and the Database of(More)
Despite high vaccine coverage, pertussis incidence has increased substantially in recent years in many countries. A significant factor that may be contributing to this increase is adaptation to the vaccine by Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of pertussis. In this study, we first assessed the genetic diversity of B. pertussis by microarray-based(More)
Evolutionary studies using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have separated Bordetella pertussis isolates into six major clusters, with recent isolates forming cluster I. The expansion of cluster I isolates was characterised by changes in genes encoding antigenic components in acellular vaccines, including pertactin (Prn). Here, we determined the(More)
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) causing clinical disease have become increasingly common and more diverse. A new reverse line probe assay, GenoType Mycobacterium CM/AS (Hain Lifescience), was evaluated for identification of a broad range of NTM. It was compared with phenotypic (HPLC) and molecular (DNA probes, in-house real-time multiplex(More)
The sensitivity of detection of a wild-type strain of Toxoplasma gondii by cell culture, mouse inoculation, and PCR was determined following sample storage under conditions to which clinical specimens may be subjected during transport to the testing laboratory. Sample storage at -20 degrees C significantly decreased the sensitivity of mouse inoculation. The(More)
Bordetella pertussis causes pertussis, a respiratory disease that is most severe for infants. Vaccination was introduced in the 1950s, and in recent years, a resurgence of disease was observed worldwide, with significant mortality in infants. Possible causes for this include the switch from whole-cell vaccines (WCVs) to less effective acellular vaccines(More)
Control of tuberculosis, the single largest killer among the infectious diseases, has been threatened by the emergence of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDRTB) infection due to the limited treatment options. Rifampicin (RIF) resistance is considered as a marker for MDRTB. The aim of this study was the detection of rpoB gene mutations and(More)