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Use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is becoming more frequent. For proper reconstruction, the geometry of the CBCT systems must be known. While the system can be designed to reduce errors in the geometry, calibration measurements must still be performed and corrections applied. Investigators have proposed techniques using calibration objects for(More)
We study the effects of coupling between molecular vibrational modes attendant the excitation of Raman transitions. Raman active vibrational modes are described by two two-level systems (TLSs) with nondegenerate ground states. The population inversion is investigated under the condition of zero relative phase between initially populated states. We use two(More)
research and educational use including without limitation use in instruction at your institution, sending it to specific colleagues who know you, and providing a copy to your institution's administrator. All other uses, reproduction and distribution, including without limitation commercial reprints, selling or licensing copies or access, or posting on open(More)
We study the effect of coupling between molecular vibrational modes attendant the excitation of Raman transitions using ultrafast chirped laser pulses. We model Raman-active vibrational modes by two-level systems (TLSs) with nondegenerate ground states and a predetermined initial relative phase. Chirp of the pump and Stokes pulses is the same in magnitude(More)
[1] Iceland is a strong localized source of non-eruptive volcanic warming and cooling. Temperature trend maps show that this phenomenon is localized to an area of about twice that of Iceland. With altitude the area remains constant but the phenomenon weakens and changes sign upon passing through the tropopause. The effect's magnitude implies a large(More)
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