Vishal Patel

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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder that is characterized by the accumulation of cysts in the renal parenchyma and progressive decline in renal function. Recent studies suggest that PKD arises from abnormalities of the primary cilium. We have previously shown that kidney-specific inactivation of the ciliogenic gene Kif3a during(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the regulation of early kidney development, but their role during later stages of renal tubule maturation is not well understood. Here, we found that ablation of the miRNA-processing enzyme Dicer from maturing renal tubules produces tubular and glomerular cysts in mice. Inactivation of Dicer is associated with downregulation(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome harbor germline mutations in the BHD tumor suppressor gene that are associated with an increased risk for kidney cancer. BHD encodes folliculin, a protein that may interact with the energy- and nutrient-sensing 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase-mammalian target of rapamycin (AMPK-mTOR) signaling pathways.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is the most common genetic cause of chronic renal failure. Mouse models of PKD, especially those with mutations in genes that are orthologous to human disease genes, have provided insights into the pathogenesis of cyst formation and advanced the preclinical testing of new drugs. RECENT FINDINGS PKD is a(More)
The mTOR pathway is the central regulator of cell size. External signals from growth factors and nutrients converge on the mTORC1 multi-protein complex to modulate downstream targets, but how the different inputs are integrated and translated into specific cellular responses is incompletely understood. Deregulation of the mTOR pathway occurs in polycystic(More)
Diffusion-weighted MRI has enabled the imaging of white matter architecture in vivo. Fiber orientations have classically been assumed to lie along the major eigenvector of the diffusion tensor, but this approach has well-characterized shortcomings in voxels containing multiple fiber populations. Recently proposed methods for recovery of fiber orientation(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD), the most common genetic cause of chronic kidney failure, is characterized by the presence of numerous, progressively enlarging fluid-filled cysts in the renal parenchyma. The cysts arise from renal tubules and are lined by abnormally functioning and hyperproliferative epithelial cells. Despite recent progress, no Food and(More)
Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1beta (HNF-1beta) is a Pit-1, Oct-1/2, Unc-86 (POU) homeodomain-containing transcription factor expressed in the kidney, liver, pancreas, and other epithelial organs. Mutations of HNF-1beta cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young, type 5 (MODY5), which is characterized by early-onset diabetes mellitus and congenital(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Watson (Family: Graminae), commonly known as Palmarosa, is traditionally prescribed for central nervous system (CNS) disorders such as neuralgia, epileptic fits and anorexia. Although the plant possesses diverse pharmacological actions, the neuroprotective action has got little attention. AIM OF(More)
ATP in bile is a potent secretogogue, stimulating cholangiocyte Cl- and fluid secretion via binding to membrane P2 receptors, though the physiological stimuli involved in biliary ATP release are unknown. The goal of the present studies was to determine the potential role of fluid flow in biliary ATP release and secretion. In both human Mz-Cha-1 biliary(More)