Visakh Prabhakar

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L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) reduces symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), but suffers from serious side effects on long-term use. Melatonin (10-30 mg/kg, 6 doses at 10 hr intervals) was investigated to potentiate L-DOPA therapeutic effects in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced parkinsonism in mice. Striatal tyrosine(More)
Diabetes associated depression is a largely understudied field which nonetheless carries a significant disease burden. The very low therapeutic efficacy of the existing conventional drugs with poor outcome may be, in part, due to uncertainty of the mechanism involved that clearly explains the existing comorbidity. The main purpose of this review was to(More)
A library of ring-A-monosubstituted chalcone derivatives (4a–4i, 5a and 5b) was designed and synthesised. The structures as well as the identities of these compounds were established on the basis of spectral (1H NMR, 13C NMR, FT-IR and Mass) and elemental (C, H, N) analyses. All the derivatives were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant(More)
AIM To investigate the antidepressant-like effects of a novel 5-HT3 receptor antagonist N-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-3-methoxyquinoxalin-2-carboxamide (6z) in acute and chronic murine models of depression. METHODS 5-HT3 receptor antagonism was examined in guinea pig ileum in vitro. A tail suspension test (TST) was used as acute depression model to evaluate(More)
The delivery of drugs to brain is a daunting task due to the presence of multiple protective barriers. Nanoparticles (NPs), due to their ability to deliver and accumulate drugs in brain by crossing the blood brain barrier, have emerged as effective brain targeting drug delivery system. The major drawback of NPs obstructing their application in brain related(More)
5HT3 receptors (5HT3Rs) have long been identified as a potential target for antidepressants. Several studies have reported that antagonism of 5HT3Rs produces antidepressant-like effects. However, the exact role of 5HT3Rs and the mode of antidepressant action of 5HT3R antagonists still remain a mystery. Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of 5HT3Rs:(More)
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