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Lipids are a highly diverse class of molecules with crucial roles in cellular energy storage, structure and signaling. Lipid homeostasis is fundamental to maintain health, and lipid defects are central to the pathogenesis of important and devastating diseases. Newly emerging advances have facilitated the development of so-called lipidomics technologies and(More)
PURPOSE To test for apoptotic photoreceptor cell death and caspase activation as a function of time after induction of an experimental retinal detachment. METHODS Retinal detachments were created in Brown Norway rats by injecting 10% hyaluronic acid into the subretinal space using a transvitreous approach. Light microscopy and terminal dUTP-biotin nick(More)
Metabolites are the key regulators of systems homeostasis. As such, concentration changes of specific groups of metabolites may reflect systemic responses to environmental, therapeutic or genetic interventions. Thus, the study of metabolites is a powerful tool for the characterization of complex phenotypes as well as for the development of biomarkers for(More)
PURPOSE We investigated retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death and activation of caspase 9 in rats with experimental glaucoma. METHODS Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) was induced in rats using the Morrison model. Surviving backlabeled RGC were counted and TUNEL staining detected apoptosis. Procaspase 9 expression and activated caspase 9 were studied by(More)
The gut microbiota affects host lipid metabolism and is considered an environmental factor that contributes to development of obesity. To investigate whether the gut microbiota affects the eye lipidome, we performed comprehensive lipidomic profiling of lens and retina from conventionally raised and germ-free mice. Conventionally raised mice had diminished(More)
Retinal ganglion cells die by apoptosis after optic nerve crush. FK506 has been shown to be neuroprotective in this model but the mechanism(s) by which it exerts these actions remains unknown. We and others have shown that caspase 9 is cleaved in the retina in other injury models and we hypothesized that the neuroprotection observed with FK506 was mediated(More)
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