Virpi Savolainen

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The development and differentiation of stem cell-derived impermeable retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) with tight junctions (TJs) is a gradual process that is, at confluence, controlled by cell-to-cell contact. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of electric impedance spectroscopy (EIS) to follow the maturation and development of barrier(More)
The barrier properties of epithelium are conventionally defined by transepithelial resistance (TER). TER provides information about the tightness of the epithelium. Electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) provides additional information regarding cell membrane properties, such as changes in electric capacitance and possible parallel or serial pathways that(More)
PURPOSE Aquaporins (AQPs), a family of transmembrane water channel proteins, are essential for allowing passive water transport through retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells. Even though human native RPE cells and immortalized human RPEs have been shown to express AQPs, the expression of AQPs during the differentiation in stem cell-derived RPE remains to(More)
Polypyrrole (PPy) coated electrodes may provide new solutions to increase the charge injection capacity and biocompatibility of metal electrodes in e.g., neural stimulus applications. In this study, electrical impedance spectra of PPy coated platinum (Pt) electrodes having three different coating thicknesses were measured and modeled. A suitable equivalent(More)
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