Virginio Salvi

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BACKGROUND Whether or not to use antidepressants in patients with bipolar disorder is a matter of debate. Antidepressant treatment of bipolar depression has been associated with manic switch and cycle acceleration. Furthermore, recent studies have argued against the efficacy of antidepressants in the treatment of bipolar depression. Nevertheless, many(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of extended anti-depressant treatment on weight has been poorly investigated. Also unknown is whether different compounds have differential effects. The aim of the present study was to assess changes in weight in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients treated for 2.5 years with clomipramine or selective serotonin reuptake(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Italian patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and to determine the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of MetS in this patient population. METHOD Subjects with BD I and II were included. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, lifestyle information (alcohol and(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) often emerges in childhood or adolescence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether adult patients with prepuberal onset differ from subjects with later onset in terms of personality disorder comorbidity. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders was used to assess 148 patients with a(More)
BACKGROUND Bipolar disorder (BPD) is associated with worse physical health. Indeed patients with BPD more frequently suffer from medical conditions such as cardiovascular illness, hypertension, diabetes, hypothyroidism, respiratory disease, liver disease, peptic ulcer, and arthritis. Since some clinical characteristics have been associated with worse course(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was, first, to examine health-related quality of life among relatives of Italian patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and, second, to search for potential predictors of quality of life among these relatives. METHODS Health-related quality of life was assessed among 64 non-psychiatrically ill family members of 48(More)
OBJECTIVE Bipolar disorder is associated with a high risk of suicide. Many clinical characteristics and, recently, biomarkers have been studied with the aim to find useful predictors of suicidality. The role of serum lipids has also been explored albeit with conflicting results; however, few studies have been focused on patients with bipolar disorder. Aim(More)
AIM Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Little research has evaluated the risk profile of MetS and cardiovascular disease in different gender and age groups in these patients. Our aim is to evaluate the prevalence of MetS in Italian patients with BD stratified by gender and age, and to determine the(More)
INTRODUCTION The treatment of severely ill patients with psychotic and personality disorders is often conducted in residential settings such as the Therapeutic Communities (TC). In these facilities a multidisciplinary model is employed to ensure integrative care of the complex psychiatric patient. Although the cost of such programs is very high, evidence of(More)
Weight gain and metabolic abnormalities are extensively found in patients taking psychotropic medications. Although mainly antipsychotics have been implicated, also antidepressants carry the potential to induce weight gain, with tricyclics and mirtazapine being associated with the greatest weight gain. It has been suggested that this could be due to the(More)