Virginie Stoppin-Mellet

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The Arabidopsis MAP65s are a protein family with similarity to the microtubule-associated proteins PRC1/Ase1p that accumulate in the spindle midzone during late anaphase in mammals and yeast, respectively. Here we investigate the molecular and functional properties of AtMAP65-5 and improve our understanding of AtMAP65-1 properties. We demonstrate that, in(More)
The assembly of the higher plant cytoskeleton poses several fundamental questions. Since different microtubule arrays are successively assembled during the cell cycle in the absence of centrosomes, we can ask how these arrays are assembled and spatially organized. Two hypotheses are under debate. Either multiple nucleation sites are responsible for the(More)
The acentrosomal plant mitotic spindle is uniquely structured in that it lacks opposing centrosomes at its poles and is equipped with a connective preprophase band that regulates the spatial framework for spindle orientation and mobility. These features are supported by specialized microtubule-associated proteins and motors. Here, we show that Arabidopsis(More)
The molecular basis of microtubule nucleation is still not known in higher plant cells. This process is better understood in yeast and animals cells. In the yeast spindle pole body and the centrosome in animal cells, gamma-tubulin small complexes and gamma-tubulin ring complexes, respectively, nucleate all microtubules. In addition to gamma-tubulin, Spc98p(More)
Tobacco microtubule associated protein (MAP65) (NtMAP65s) constitute a family of microtubule-associated proteins with apparent molecular weight around 65 kDa that collectively induce microtubule bundling and promote microtubule assembly in vitro. They are associated with most of the tobacco microtubule arrays in situ. Recently, three NtMAP65s belonging to(More)
Katanin is a heterodimeric protein that mediates ATP-dependent destabilization of microtubules in animal cells. In plants, the catalytic subunit of Arabidopsis thaliana katanin (AtKSS, Arabidopsis thaliana Katanin Small Subunit) has been identified and its microtubule-severing activity has been demonstrated in vitro. In vivo, plant katanin plays a role in(More)
Temporal and spatial assembly of microtubules in plant cells depends mainly on the activity of microtubule-interacting proteins, which either stabilize, destabilize or translocate microtubules. Recent data have revealed that the thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana) contains a protein related to the p60 catalytic subunit of animal katanin, a(More)
Microtubules (MTs) are dynamic cytoskeletal elements involved in numerous cellular processes. Although they are highly rigid polymers with a persistence length of 1-8 mm, they may exhibit a curved shape at a scale of few micrometers within cells, depending on their biological functions. However, how MT flexural rigidity in cells is regulated remains poorly(More)
Centrin - higher plants - MTOCs - microtubules nucleation In most eukaryotic cells, the Ca(2+)-binding protein centrin is associated with structured microtubule-organizing centers (MTOCs) such as centrosomes. In these cells, centrin either forms centrosome-associated contractile fibers, or is involved in centrosome biogenesis. Our aim was to investigate the(More)
Higher plant cells exhibit interphase microtubule arrays specific to plants, which are essential for their developmental program. These cortical microtubules (CMT) consist of a population of highly dynamic microtubules that are usually organized into bundles in the cortex of the cells. The organization of CMT is intimately linked to the acquisition of(More)