Virginie Sottile

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Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the potential to generate multiple cell types and hold promise for future therapeutic applications. Although undifferentiated hESCs can proliferate indefinitely, hESC derivatives significantly downregulate telomerase and have limited replication potential. In this study we examine whether the replicative lifespan of(More)
Since their isolation in 1998, human embryonic stem (hES) cells have been shown to be capable of adopting various cell fates in vitro. Here, we present in vitro data demonstrating the directed commitment of human embryonic stem cells to the osteogenic lineage. Human ES cells are shown to respond to factors that promote osteogenesis, leading to activation of(More)
Cells in the pluripotent ground state can give rise to somatic cells and germ cells, and the acquisition of pluripotency is dependent on the expression of Nanog. Pluripotency is conserved in the primitive ectoderm of embryos from mammals and urodele amphibians, and here we report the isolation of a Nanog ortholog from axolotls (axNanog). axNanog does not(More)
Recent evidence suggests that the postnatal cerebellum contains cells with characteristics of neural stem cells, which had so far only been identified in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricles and the subdentate gyrus of the hippocampus. In order to investigate the identity of these cells in the adult cerebellum, we have analyzed the expression(More)
5-hydroxymethyl-cytosine (5-hmC) is a cytosine modification that is relatively abundant in mammalian pre-implantation embryos and embryonic stem cells (ESC) derived from mammalian blastocysts. Recent observations imply that both 5-hmC and Tet1/2/3 proteins, catalyzing the conversion of 5-methyl-cytosine to 5-hmC, may play an important role in self renewal(More)
The adult brain is known to retain a population of stem cells with self-renewing and differentiation ability, which have been identified in two main regions. Recent reports now suggest the presence of such cells in the cerebellum, a part of the CNS which was not formerly thought to harbour stem cells. The precise nature and localisation of these potential(More)
Although the use of embryonic stem cells in the assisted repair of musculoskeletal tissues holds promise, a direct comparison of this cell source with adult marrow-derived stem cells has not been undertaken. Here we have compared the osteogenic differentiation potential of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) with human adult-derived stem cells in vivo. hESC(More)
Kings County Hospital (KCH), and St. John's Episcopal Hospital (SJH) are inner-city hospitals in New York City serving predominantly minority populations. Staten Island University Hospital (SIUH) serves a predominantly middle-class Caucasian population. We examined H. pylori (HP) infection in patients undergoing upper endoscopy at these hospitals. Two(More)
Breast cancer is a disease characterised by both genetic and epigenetic alterations. Epigenetic silencing of tumour suppressor genes is an early event in breast carcinogenesis and reversion of gene silencing by epigenetic reprogramming can provide clues to the mechanisms responsible for tumour initiation and progression. In this study we apply the(More)
5-Methylcytosine (5mC) is an epigenetic modification involved in regulation of gene activity during differentiation. Tet dioxygenases oxidize 5mC to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC). Both 5fC and 5caC can be excised from DNA by thymine-DNA glycosylase (TDG) followed by regeneration of unmodified cytosine(More)