Virginie Scotet

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It has been postulated that oxidative stress may play a key role in dementia. This is substantiated by the recent discovery of the protective effect of wine. In wine, the flavonoids – powerful antioxidant substances also contained in tea, fruits and vegetables – have been thought to offer such protection. We investigated whether flavonoid intake could be(More)
Extensive genetic studies of chronic pancreatitis over the past decade have highlighted the importance of a tightly regulated balance between activation and inactivation of trypsin within the pancreas to disease susceptibility and resistance. The recent identification of chymotrypsin C (CTRC) as enzyme Y, which was proposed to protect the pancreas by(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the commonest severe autosomal recessive disease that affects children in white populations, with an incidence varying from 1/2500 to 1/5000 (carrier rate 1/25 to 1/35). The disease, which is characterised by chronic pulmonary obstruction and infections, and by digestive disorders such as pancreatic insufficiency, is caused by(More)
BACKGROUND Embryo transfer is prone to failure. AIM To investigate whether endometrial vascularity influences in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. METHODS Total 144 patients receiving IVF (conventional or microinjection) were assessed with color and power Doppler on the day of embryo transfer: age, IVF type, number and quality of embryos, endometrial(More)
The most common form of hereditary haemochromatosis is an adult-onset condition usually associated with the HFE C282Y/C282Y genotype. The phenotypic expression of this genotype is heterogeneous and depends on a complex interplay of genetic and non-genetic factors. The aim of the present study was to determine if mutations in the recently identified HJV gene(More)
Hereditary hemochromatosis is a genetically heterogeneous disease of iron metabolism. The most common form of the disorder is an adult-onset form that has mainly been associated with the HFE pC282Y/pC282Y genotype. The phenotypic expression of this genotype is very heterogeneous and could be modulated by both environmental factors and modifier genes. The(More)
The molecular basis of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is more complex than previously expected. More than 80% of hemochromatosis probands of Northern European descent are homozygous for the C282Y HFE gene mutation. However, five novel non-related-HFE HH forms have now been identified. The transferrin receptor(TFR2)-linked form is inherited in an autosomal(More)
The R domain of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) was originally defined as 241 amino acids, encoded by exon 13. Such exon/intron boundaries provide a convenient way to define the R domain, but do not necessarily reflect the corresponding functional domain within CFTR. A two-domain model was later proposed based on a comparison(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of cystic fibrosis (CF) and its time trends over a 16-year period (1990 to 2005) in 2 European regions with a long history of newborn screening (NBS) for CF, and to investigate the impact of some external factors. STUDY DESIGN This study focused on data from NBS and prenatal diagnosis (PD) in Brittany (western France)(More)
OBJECTIVE Congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) is a multifactorial disease which involves genetic factors that are still unidentified. Recently, a functional polymorphism (rs143383) of the 5'-untranslated region of GDF5 (Growth/Differentiation Factor 5) - previously reported to be associated with osteoarthritis - has been associated with CDH in a Chinese(More)