Virginie Marie Lefebvre

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Transcripts for a new form of Sox5, called L-Sox5, and Sox6 are coexpressed with Sox9 in all chondrogenic sites of mouse embryos. A coiled-coil domain located in the N-terminal part of L-Sox5, and absent in Sox5, showed >90% identity with a similar domain in Sox6 and mediated homodimerization and heterodimerization with Sox6. Dimerization of L-Sox5/Sox6(More)
The identification of mutations in the SRY-related SOX9 gene in patients with campomelic dysplasia, a severe skeletal malformation syndrome, and the abundant expression of Sox9 in mouse chondroprogenitor cells and fully differentiated chondrocytes during embryonic development have suggested the hypothesis that SOX9 might play a role in chondrogenesis. Our(More)
To assess the role of the transcription factor Sox9 in cartilage formation we have compared the expression pattern of Sox9 and Col2a1 at various stages of mouse embryonic development. Expression of Col2a1 colocalized with expression of Sox9 in all chondroprogenitor cells. In the sclerotomal compartment of somites the onset of Sox9 expression preceded that(More)
L-Sox5 and Sox6 are highly identical Sry-related transcription factors coexpressed in cartilage. Whereas Sox5 and Sox6 single null mice are born with mild skeletal abnormalities, Sox5; Sox6 double null fetuses die with a severe, generalized chondrodysplasia. In these double mutants, chondroblasts poorly differentiate. They express the genes for all(More)
Sox9 is a high-mobility-group domain-containing transcription factor required for chondrocyte differentiation and cartilage formation. We used a yeast two-hybrid method based on Son of Sevenless (SOS) recruitment to screen a chondrocyte cDNA library and found that the catalytic subunit of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA-Calpha) interacted(More)
Type II collagen is a major chondrocyte-specific component of the cartilage extracellular matrix and it represents a typical differentiation marker of mature chondrocytes. In order to delineate cis-acting elements of the mouse pro alpha 1(II) collagen gene that control chondrocyte-specific expression in intact mouse embryos, we generated transgenic mice(More)
To understand the molecular mechanisms by which mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondrocytes, we have used the gene for an early and abundant marker of chondrocytes, the mouse pro-alpha1(II) collagen gene (Col2a1), to delineate a minimal sequence needed for chondrocyte-specific expression and to identify the DNA-binding proteins that mediate its(More)
The molecular mechanisms by which mesenchymal cells differentiate into chondrocytes are still poorly understood. We have used the gene for a chondrocyte marker, the proalpha1(II) collagen gene (Col2a1), as a model to delineate a minimal sequence needed for chondrocyte expression and identify chondrocyte-specific proteins binding to this sequence. We(More)
We show that a new rat chondrosarcoma (RCS) cell line established in long-term culture from the Swarm tumor displayed a stable differentiated chondrocyte-like phenotype. Indeed, these cells produced the collagen types II, IX, and XI and alcian blue-stainable cartilage-specific proteoglycans, but no type I or type III collagen. To functionally characterize(More)
OBJECTIVE This work was carried out to identify transcription factors controlling the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into chondrocytes. DESIGN We delineated a cartilage-specific enhancer in the collagen type 2 gene (Col2a1) and identified transcription factors responsible for the activity of this enhancer in chondrocytes. We then analyzed the(More)