Virginie Le Rolle

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The role of modelling and simulation in the systemic analysis of living systems is now clearly established. Emerging disciplines, such as systems biology, and worldwide research actions, such as the Physiome Project or the Virtual Physiological Human, are based on an intensive use of modelling and simulation methodologies and tools. One of the key aspects(More)
The analysis of followup data from patients suffering from heart failure is a difficult task, due to the complex and multifactorial nature of this pathology. In this paper, we present a coupled model, integrating a pulsatile heart into a model of the short to long-term regulations of the cardiovascular system. An interface method is proposed to couple these(More)
OBJECTIVE Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is commonly used to evaluate regional ventricular contraction properties through the analysis of myocardial strain. During the clinical examination, a set of strain signals is acquired concurrently at different locations. However, the joint interpretation of these signals remains difficult. This paper proposes a(More)
We present progress on a comprehensive, modular, interactive modeling environment centered on overall regulation of blood pressure and body fluid homeostasis. We call the project SAPHIR, for "a Systems Approach for PHysiological Integration of Renal, cardiac, and respiratory functions". The project uses state-of-the-art multi-scale simulation methods. The(More)
GOAL The goal of this paper is to propose a model-based control design framework, adapted to the development of control modules for medical devices. A particular example is presented in which instantaneous heart rate is regulated in real-time, by modulating, in an adaptive manner, the current delivered to the vagus nerve by a neuromodulator. METHODS The(More)
The evaluation of the time-varying vagal and sympathetic contributions to heart rate remains a challenging task because the observability of the baroreflex is generally limited and the time-varying properties are difficult to take into account, especially in non-stationnary conditions. The objective is to propose a model-based approach to estimate the(More)
Mathematical models of the coronary circulation have been shown to provide useful information for the analysis of intracoronary blood flow and pressure measurements acquired during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Although some efforts towards the patient-specific estimation of model parameters have been presented in this context, they are based(More)
The ventricular pressure profile is characteristic of the cardiac contraction progress and is useful to evaluate the cardiac performance. In this contribution, a tissue-level electromechanical model of the left ventricle is proposed, to assist the interpretation of left ventricular pressure waveforms. The left ventricle has been modeled as an ellipsoid(More)
This paper presents a model-based method for the analysis of respiratory signals specifically adapted to newborns. The model includes a description of upper airways, distensible and lower airways, lungs, chest wall, alveoli, pleura and respiratory muscle activity. The model was used in stationary and non-stationary conditions to simulate respiratory signals(More)
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