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This study was conducted on human Jurkat T-cells to investigate the role of depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores in the phosphorylation of two mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), i.e. extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1 and ERK2, and their modulation by a polyunsaturated fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We observed that(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a PUFA of the n-3 family, inhibited the growth of FM3A mouse mammary cancer cells by arresting their progression from the late-G(1) to the S phase of the cell cycle. DHA upregulated p27(Kip1) levels by inhibiting phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, i.e., ERK1/ERK2. Indeed, inhibition of ERK1/ERK2(More)
SCOPE Resveratrol (RSV) has been proposed to prevent tumor growth; nevertheless, these preventive effects are controversial since RSV pharmacokinetics studies show a low bioavailability. Recent clinical trials show that patients with colorectal cancer and receiving oral RSV have high levels of RSV conjugates in the colorectum, mainly RSV-3-O-sulfate (R3S),(More)
BACKGROUND Inborn enzyme defects of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation (FAO) form a large group of genetic disorders associated to variable clinical presentations ranging from life-threatening pediatric manifestations up to milder late onset phenotypes, including myopathy. Very few candidate drugs have been identified in this group of disorders.(More)
Opuntia ficus indica(prickly pear) polyphenolic compounds (OFPC) triggered an increase in [Ca2+]i in human Jurkat T-cell lines. Furthermore, OFPC-induced rise in [Ca2+]i was significantly curtailed in calcium-free buffer (0% Ca2+) as compared to that in 100% Ca2+ medium. Preincubation of cells with tyrphostin A9, an inhibitor of Ca2+ release-activated(More)
Numerous studies have reported interesting properties of trans-resveratrol, a phytoalexin, as a preventive agent of several important pathologies: vascular diseases, cancers, viral infections, and neurodegenerative processes. These beneficial effects of resveratrol have been supported by observations at the cellular and molecular levels in both cellular and(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) is a potent pulmonary vasoconstrictor and mitogenic agent whose plasma level is increased in pulmonary hypertensive patients. Thus, we explored the signalling pathways involved in the contractile response to 5-HT in human pulmonary arteries (HPAs). Intact and beta-escin permeabilised rings from HPAs mounted in an organ(More)
1. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) induced rapid (t1/2=33 s) and dose-dependent decreases in pHi in BCECF-loaded human (Jurkat) T-cells. Addition of 5-(N,N-dimethyl)-amiloride, an inhibitor of Na+/H+ exchanger, prolonged DHA-induced acidification as a function of time, indicating that the exchanger is implicated in pHi recovery. 2. Other fatty acids like oleic(More)
The preventive effects of the phytoalexin trans-resveratrol toward cancer have been largely described at the cellular and molecular levels in both in vivo and in vitro models; however, its primary targets are still poorly identified. In this review, we show the crucial role of cell membrane microdomains, that is, lipid rafts, not solely in the initiation of(More)
Resveratrol is one of the most widely studied bio-active plant polyphenols. While its effect on endothelial blood vessel cells, cancer cells, inflammatory processes and neurodegenerative events is well documented, little is known about the implication of this phytophenol in differentiating processes, particularly in skeletal muscle cells. Here, we report(More)