Virginia T Gauger

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BACKGROUND Pain management remains challenging for pediatric patients after posterior spinal fusion (PSF). This study compares the effectiveness of hydromorphone and bupivacaine administered through patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) with hydromorphone patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (IV-PCA) in this population. METHODS Patients aged 8(More)
BACKGROUND Informed consent is a process of sharing information that facilitates the individual patient's right to self-determination. Despite its importance in anesthesia practice, the process of informed consent is rarely audited or examined. As such, there are only limited data with respect to anesthesia consent practices, particularly within the(More)
Strabismus surgery in pediatric patients is associated with a high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Ondansetron disintegrating tablets (ODT), an oral freeze-dried formulation of the 5-HT(3) antagonist, are well-tolerated and have been shown to reduce chemotherapy-induced vomiting. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND Obstetric complications such as spontaneous abortion, preterm labour, preterm delivery, low birth weight and congenital anomalies may be associated with exposure to anaesthetic gases. We hypothesized that female anaesthesiologists practicing primarily paediatric anaesthesia, with increased exposure to trace anaesthetic agents, experience a(More)
Management of perioperative pain is critical in the pediatric patient undergoing orthopaedic surgery. A variety of modalities can be used to manage pain and optimize recovery and patient satisfaction, including nonopioid and opioid analgesia; local anesthetic injection; and regional analgesia such as intrathecal morphine, epidural therapy, and peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Adequate and safe postoperative analgesia for patients with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) remains challenging and controversial. A past adverse event in this patient population triggered a change of our institution's practice from epidurals containing bupivacaine and has resulted in use of epidurals containing(More)
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