Virginia P. Winfrey

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Genetic and embryological experiments have established the Caenorhabditis elegans adult hermaphrodite gonad as a paradigm for studying the control of germline development and the role of soma-germline interactions. We describe ultrastructural features relating to essential germline events and the soma-germline interactions upon which they depend, as(More)
Mf1 encodes a forkhead/winged helix transcription factor expressed in many embryonic tissues, including prechondrogenic mesenchyme, periocular mesenchyme, meninges, endothelial cells, and kidney. Homozygous null Mf1lacZ mice die at birth with hydrocephalus, eye defects, and multiple skeletal abnormalities identical to those of the classical mutant,(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, specialized contractile myoepithelial cells of the somatic gonad, the gonadal sheath cells, are closely apposed to oocytes and are required for normal meiotic maturation and ovulation. Previously we found that mutations in the ceh-18 gene, which encodes a POU-class homeoprotein expressed in sheath cells, result in oocyte defects.(More)
Mf1, which encodes a winged-helix/forkhead transcription factor, is the murine homolog of human FKHL7, mutated in individuals with autosomal dominant inherited dysgenesis of the anterior segment of the eye (Axenfeld-Reiger anomaly). Mouse embryos homozygous for null mutations in Mf1 (Mf1(lacZ) and Mf1(ch)) show severely abnormal development of the anterior(More)
Zonadhesin is a sperm protein that binds in a species-specific manner to the extracellular matrix ZP (zona pellucida) of the mammalian oocyte. The pig zonadhesin precursor is a 267000-Da mosaic protein with a Type I membrane topology and a large extracellular region comprising meprin/A5 antigen/mu receptor tyrosine phosphatase, mucin and five tandem von(More)
Selenium is a micronutrient that is essential for the production of normal spermatozoa. The selenium-rich plasma protein selenoprotein P (Sepp1) is required for maintenance of testis selenium and for fertility of the male mouse. Sepp1 trafficking in the seminiferous epithelium was studied using conventional methods and mice with gene deletions.(More)
The guinea pig sperm acrosomal matrix is the dense core of the acrosome and is likely to be important in acrosome biogenesis and fertilization. Isolated acrosomal matrices are composed of a limited number of major bands when analyzed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, among which is a Mr 67,000 protein that we have termed AM67. Indirect(More)
The mechanisms regulating hydrolase release during the mammalian sperm acrosome reaction are poorly understood. The present study demonstrates that specific domains of the acrosomal matrix of bovine spermatozoa function to maintain a particulate proacrosin pool and to regulate proacrosin/acrosin release. In sonicated sperm suspensions, 50-60% of the total(More)
Selenoprotein P (Sepp1) is a plasma and extracellular protein that is rich in selenium. Deletion of Sepp1 results in sharp decreases of selenium levels in the brain and testis with dysfunction of those organs. Deletion of Sepp1 also causes increased urinary selenium excretion, leading to moderate depletion of whole-body selenium. The lipoprotein receptor(More)
A glycoprotein, termed GP42, was previously identified in uterine fluid obtained from peri-implantation-stage rabbits. N-terminus amino acid sequencing of purified GP42 demonstrated identity through the first 13 amino acids with the beta subunit of liver haptoglobin. The present study was undertaken to determine if GP42 is indeed identical to haptoglobin(More)