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The expression level and functional activity of estrogen receptor alpha is an important determinant of breast physiology and breast cancer treatment. However, it has been difficult to identify the signals that regulate estrogen receptor because cultured mammary epithelial cells generally do not respond to estrogenic signals. Here, we use a combination of(More)
The mechanisms by which mammary carcinomas acquire hormone independence are still unknown. To study the role of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) in the acquisition of hormone-independence we used a hormone-dependent (HD) mouse mammary tumor and its hormone-independent (HI) variant, which grows in vivo without hormone supply. HI tumors express higher(More)
To explore mechanisms related to hormone resistance, three resistant variants of the MPA mouse breast cancer tumor model with low levels of progesterone receptor (PR) isoform A (PR-A)/high PR-B expression were developed by prolonged selective pressure with antiprogestins. The resistant phenotype of one tumor line was reversed spontaneously after several(More)
BACKGROUND A significant proportion of breast cancer patients face failure of endocrine therapy due to the acquisition of endocrine resistance. We have explored mechanisms involved in such disease progression by using a mouse breast cancer model that is induced by medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). These tumors transit through different stages of hormone(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a reciprocal signaling interaction initiated by embryo-derived nitric oxide (NO) to facilitate implantation by increased production of gelatinase A (matrix metalloproteinase 2, MMP2) in uterine stroma. DESIGN Experimental animal studies. SETTING Reproductive-physiology research laboratory. ANIMAL(S) Female syngeneic Wistar rats(More)
Eicosanoid production, glucose (Glu), glycogen (Gly) and triglyceride (TG) metabolism, spontaneous contractile activity, PGF2 alpha and oxytocin-induced contractions have been studied in uterine tissue obtained from control (C) and non-insulin-dependent diabetic (D) rats prior to parturition. Parturition occurs on day 22 of gestation in control animals,(More)
The process of embryo implantation requires extensive remodelling of the endometrial extracellular matrix, a function largely performed by matrix-degrading metalloproteinases (MMPs). In the present study, we used trophoblast cells isolated from human term placentas to study the regulation of MMPs by nitric oxide (NO). Using a combination of zymography,(More)
Ovulation, oocyte maturation and PGE and PGF2 alpha production by oocyte-cumulus complexes were evaluated in rats with non-insulin-dependent diabetes induced by neonatal streptozotocin. Diabetic rats had normal estrous cycles, but ovulated a lower number of oocytes at estrus. When oocytes from control and diabetic rats obtained at proestrus were matured "in(More)
Interactions between luminal epithelial cells and their surrounding microenvironment govern the normal development and function of the mammary gland. Alterations of these interactions can induce abnormal intracellular signaling pathways that affect the development and progression of breast tumors. One critical component of mammary gland development, as well(More)
Embryonic implantation is a complex process in which both maternal and embryonic signals are involved. In the present study, we evaluated changes in uterine prostaglandins production and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity during the course of early pregnancy and their interaction during implantation in rats. Uterine phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity is(More)