Virginia Novaro

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The expression level and functional activity of estrogen receptor alpha is an important determinant of breast physiology and breast cancer treatment. However, it has been difficult to identify the signals that regulate estrogen receptor because cultured mammary epithelial cells generally do not respond to estrogenic signals. Here, we use a combination of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a reciprocal signaling interaction initiated by embryo-derived nitric oxide (NO) to facilitate implantation by increased production of gelatinase A (matrix metalloproteinase 2, MMP2) in uterine stroma. DESIGN Experimental animal studies. SETTING Reproductive-physiology research laboratory. ANIMAL(S) Female syngeneic Wistar rats(More)
The mechanisms by which mammary carcinomas acquire hormone independence are still unknown. To study the role of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) in the acquisition of hormone-independence we used a hormone-dependent (HD) mouse mammary tumor and its hormone-independent (HI) variant, which grows in vivo without hormone supply. HI tumors express higher(More)
The process of embryo implantation requires extensive remodelling of the endometrial extracellular matrix, a function largely performed by matrix-degrading metalloproteinases (MMPs). In the present study, we used trophoblast cells isolated from human term placentas to study the regulation of MMPs by nitric oxide (NO). Using a combination of zymography,(More)
BACKGROUND A significant proportion of breast cancer patients face failure of endocrine therapy due to the acquisition of endocrine resistance. We have explored mechanisms involved in such disease progression by using a mouse breast cancer model that is induced by medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). These tumors transit through different stages of hormone(More)
To explore mechanisms related to hormone resistance, three resistant variants of the MPA mouse breast cancer tumor model with low levels of progesterone receptor (PR) isoform A (PR-A)/high PR-B expression were developed by prolonged selective pressure with antiprogestins. The resistant phenotype of one tumor line was reversed spontaneously after several(More)
Eicosanoid production, glucose (Glu), glycogen (Gly) and triglyceride (TG) metabolism, spontaneous contractile activity, PGF2 alpha and oxytocin-induced contractions have been studied in uterine tissue obtained from control (C) and non-insulin-dependent diabetic (D) rats prior to parturition. Parturition occurs on day 22 of gestation in control animals,(More)
There is emerging interest in understanding the role of progesterone receptors (PRs) in breast cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the proliferative effect of progestins and antiprogestins depending on the relative expression of the A (PRA) and B (PRB) isoforms of PR. In mifepristone (MFP)-resistant murine carcinomas antiprogestin(More)
It has previously been demonstrated that uterine nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity increases before embryonic implantation in rats. The aim of the present work was to investigate the regulation and the physiological relevance of the nitric oxide (NO) system in ovoimplantation. The increase in NOS activity in early pregnancy was found to be independent of(More)
Interactions between luminal epithelial cells and their surrounding microenvironment govern the normal development and function of the mammary gland. Alterations of these interactions can induce abnormal intracellular signaling pathways that affect the development and progression of breast tumors. One critical component of mammary gland development, as well(More)