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Molecular evidence is interpreted in the light of morphology to examine the validity of several species of Haematoloechus described as Mexican endemics. Internal transcribed spacers 1 and 2 and 28S ribosomal genes were sequenced for 11 isolates. Phylogenetic analysis of separate partitions and combined databases was conducted. Results were analyzed, in the(More)
Two new species of Parapharyngodon Chatterji, 1933 , parasitizing 3 species of hylid frogs (Diaglena spatulata, Triprion petasatus, and Trachycephalus typhonius) from Mexico are described. The 2 new species share the presence of a gubernaculum with Parapharyngodon lamothei and belong to the group of those species with short spicule; both differ from the(More)
Two new species of Parapharyngodon collected from the intestine of the Mexican boulder spiny lizard Sceloporus pyrocephalus are described. This study increases to 49 the number of valid species assigned to Parapharyngodon worldwide, 11 of them distributed in Mexico. Males of the two new species share the presence of four pairs of caudal papillae, an(More)
Phylogenetic relationships among specimens from 25 different locations for the six Mexican coastal leopard frog species of the Rana berlandieri species group were investigated using 797 bp of the mitochondrial 12S rDNA gene. Relationships among the haplotypes obtained were recovered using maximum parsimony and Bayesian analyses. Most of the clades recovered(More)
Gorgoderina parvicava, G. diaster, and G. megacetabularis n. sp. are reported inhabiting the urinary bladders of Rana vaillanti and R. cf. forreri from northwestern Costa Rica. Gorgoderina megacetabularis n. sp. differs from all other species of the genus by the combination of the following characters: small body size (2.78-3.17, mean 2.92 mm), sucker ratio(More)
Haematoloechus danbrooksi n. sp. from the lungs of Rana vaillanti in Veracruz state, Mexico, was found. The new species is most similar morphologically to H. medioplexus, H. parviplexus, and H. meridionalis in having a ventral sucker less than half the diameter of the oral sucker. It differs from these species by the extension of the vitellaria, which are(More)
Rhabdias kuzmini n. sp., a parasite of the lungs of Bufo occidentalis, is described and illustrated. This Mexican taxon differs from the related species in the genus by the possession of 4 lips (2 subdorsal and 2 subventral) and 2 lateral pseudolabia, corpus not inflated, a larger barrel-shaped buccal capsule, equatorial vulva, and the presence of a(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Haematoloechus, digeneans parasites of amphibians, is a species-rich genus with more than 50 species around the globe. Establishing an accurate taxonomy for this group has been difficult due to high intraspecific variability. Nuclear DNA sequences have given independent information about species validity and phylogeny of the group. (More)
An undescribed species of Haematoloechus inhabits the lungs of Rana vaillanti in northwestern Costa Rica. The new species is most similar morphologically to H. medioplexus, having a very small, but well-developed, ventral sucker and lacking extracecal uterine loops, and apparently was mis-identified previously as H. medioplexus in Rana palmipes from(More)
Host-parasite associations are assumed to be ecologically specialized, tightly coevolved systems driven by mutual modification in which host switching is a rare phenomenon. Ecological fitting, however, increases the probability of host switching, creating incongruences between host and parasite phylogenies, when (1) specialization on a particular host(More)