Virginia Johnson

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This case series reports results of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies in three patients with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), who had previously undergone structural magnetic resonance imaging (MR). The MR studies revealed several brain anomalies, including microcephaly, agenesis or hypoplasia of corpus callosum and agenesis of(More)
The objectives were to evaluate appropriate doses of zinc acetate and its efficacy for the maintenance management of Wilson's disease in pediatric cases. Pediatric patients of 1 to 5 years of age were given 25 mg of zinc twice daily; patients of 6 to 15 years of age, if under 125 pounds body weight, were given 25 mg of zinc three times daily; and patients(More)
The literature indicates that copper (Cu) is less bioavailable from a vegetarian as compared to mixed diet. Further, several groups, including ours, find rather marginal average Cu intake in the typical American diet. For example, our data indicate that Wilson's disease patients on a typical American diet ingest only about 25% more Cu than is required. This(More)
Wilson's disease is an inherited disease of copper accumulation caused by a failure of biliary excretion of excess copper. Accumulated copper causes liver disease in these patients, and in perhaps two thirds of patients, it causes brain damage leading to clinical neurologic or psychiatric dysfunction. Maintenance treatment involves reversing the positive(More)
The siblings of patients with newly diagnosed Wilson's disease are each at 25% risk of also having this autosomal recessive disease. Screening these siblings allows their detection and institution of prophylactic therapy before they become clinically ill. Herein we report the successful treatment of 13 presymptomatic patients with zinc acetate. These(More)
Zinc (Zn) is increasingly being used as a treatment for Wilson's disease. Some physicians have been prescribing Zn in conjunction with other anticopper agents, such as penicillamine or trien, although theoretically these drugs might be antagonistic in their effects. In addition, Wilson's disease patients quite often take vitamin C in high doses in(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy and toxicity of a new drug, ammonium tetrathiomolybdate, in the initial treatment of a relatively large series of patients presenting with neurologic signs and symptoms caused by Wilson's disease. The key aspect of efficacy was to preserve the neurologic function present at the onset of therapy. DESIGN An open study of 17(More)
We have treated 9 patients who presented with hepatic decompensation resulting from Wilson's disease with a combination of trientine and zinc, generally for at least 4 months, followed by transition to zinc maintenance therapy. All of these patients had hypoalbuminemia, all but 1 had hyperbilirubinemia, and 7 had ascites. All of these patients would have(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy and toxic effects of ammonium tetrathiomolybdate in the initial treatment of a relatively large series of patients with neurologic symptoms and signs caused by Wilson disease. Two key aspects of efficacy are to preserve the neurologic function present at the onset of therapy and to maximize the opportunity for long-term(More)
Therapy of Wilson's disease continues to evolve. In 1997, zinc acetate was added to the list of drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration, which includes penicillamine and trientine. The mechanism of zinc's anticopper action is unique. It induces intestinal cell metallothionein, which binds copper and prevents its transfer into blood. As intestinal(More)