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There are few pharmacological studies of central neuronal measures in animal models of neuropathic pain. In the present study we have compared the effects of two anticonvulsants, carbamazepine and gabapentin, on spinal neuronal responses of nerve injured rats (selective ligation of spinal nerves L5 and L6, SNL) and sham-operated rats. The development and(More)
1. The aim of this review is to consider the relative roles of inhibitory and excitatory amino acid receptor-mediated events in the processes leading to pain transmission in the spinal cord. 2. Emphasis will be on the roles of the inhibitory and excitatory amino acids, GABA and glutamate, and how the relative balance between activity in these systems(More)
Intrathecally administered nociceptin (5, 50, 225 micrograms) dose-relatedly inhibited the C-fibre evoked wind-up and post-discharge of dorsal horn neurones, but not the baseline C-fibre evoked responses. Spinal naloxone 50 micrograms, but not 10 micrograms, reversed the effects of nociceptin. Thus the antinociceptive role of nociceptin in the spinal cord(More)
1. Despite a number of models of nerve injury, few studies have examined how peripheral nerve injury influences spinal somatosensory processing. 2. Ligation of two (L5-L6) of the three spinal nerves that form the sciatic nerve produces a partial denervation of the hindlimb. Following ligation, rats exhibited withdrawal responses to normally innocuous(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated mechanisms may contribute to reduced opioid sensitivity in conditions of pain. The effectiveness of spinal opioids in inhibiting NMDA-mediated nociceptive events was assessed with two models. In addition, opioid dose-response curves with preemptive administration were compared with early and(More)
This study aims to assess whether the antinociceptive actions of methadone are mediated solely through opioid mechanisms, or whether its reported affinity for NMDA receptors has physiological relevance in vivo. Methadone is a mu-opioid receptor agonist reported to relieve pain unresponsive to other opioids. It is a racemic mixture comprising d- and(More)
The effect of intrathecal application of the selective neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor antagonist RP67580 and its enantiomer RP68651 was studied on the responses of dorsal horn nociceptive neurones to formalin in the rat. The first and second phases of the formalin response were inhibited by RP67580 in a dose-related manner (1-10 micrograms), whereas RP68651 (5(More)
The treatment of pain arising from nerve injury can be difficult and the opioid sensitivity of neuropathic pain remains debatable. Clinical and animal studies report a wide range in the effectiveness of morphine, ranging from inadequate to potent analgesia. In this electrophysiological study we compare the effectiveness of spinal versus systemic(More)
Dorsal horn nociceptive neurones exhibit wind up, a frequency dependent potentiation of their responses to repeated C-fibre stimulation. Intrathecal morphine (5 micrograms) significantly reduces the initial responses of the neurones but not wind up whereas the reverse is true for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists. The combination of intrathecal(More)
The responses of convergent dorsal horn neurones to peripheral injection of formalin (5% formaldehyde, 50 microliters volume) were recorded extracellularly in the halothane anaesthetized rat. The control response of dorsal horn neurones to formalin was biphasic, with a first phase from 0-10 min and the second inflammatory phase from 10-60 min.(More)