Virginia Chamorro

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BACKGROUND This study analyzed whether hypertension induced by N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) is associated with dysregulation of the main antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase, glutathione peroxidase [GPX], and glutathione reductase [GR]) and whether chronic administration of tempol ameliorates this hypertension. (More)
We hypothesized that nitric oxide generated by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) may contribute to the homeostatic role of this agent in hyperthyroidism and may, therefore, participate in long-term control of blood pressure (BP). The effects of chronic iNOS inhibition by oral aminoguanidine (AG) administration on BP and morphological and renal(More)
AIMS Voltage-gated potassium channels encoded by KCNQ genes (Kv7 channels) are emerging as important regulators of vascular tone. In this study, we analysed the contribution of Kv7 channels to the vasodilation induced by hypoxia and the cyclic AMP pathway in the coronary circulation. We also assessed their regional distribution and possible impairment by(More)
This study analyzed the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in the abnormal renal vascular reactivity of hypothyroid rats. Renal responses to vasoconstrictors [VC: phenylephrine (PHE) and ANG II] and vasodilators [VD: ACh, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), and papaverine (PV)] were studied in kidneys from control and(More)
The present study evaluates the participation of oxidative stress, tissue angiotensin II (Ang II) and endothelin (ET) in the effects of losartan on blood pressure (BP), ventricular hypertrophy and renal injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), and explores how these effects are modified when spontaneous hypertension is transformed in a low-renin(More)
UNLABELLED This study analyzed the role of nitric oxide (NO) and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in gender differences in the renal vascular reactivity of rats. Renal responses to vasoconstrictors and vasodilators were studied in isolated kidneys from male and female rats under basal conditions, after NO and EDHF blockade or after(More)
AIMS This study analyses the influence of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) blockade with 7-nitroindazole (7NI) on the haemodynamic and renal response to a hypertonic saline load (HSL). We also evaluated the effects of non-specific NOS inhibitor Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). METHODS The following groups were used: controls, rats(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that treatment with quercetin could result in improved hemodynamics, lung inflammatory parameters and mortality in a rat model of hemorrhagic shock. METHODS Rats were anesthetized (80 mg/kg ketamine plus 8 mg/kg xylazine i.p.). The protocol included laparotomy for 15 min (trauma), hemorrhagic shock (blood withdrawal to reduce(More)
Despite considerable efforts over more than two decades, our knowledge of the interactions in electrolyte solutions is not yet satisfactory. Not even one of the most simple and important aqueous solutions, NaCl(aq), escapes this assertion. A requisite for the development of a force field for any water solution is the availability of a good model for water.(More)
The role of mineralocorticoids as sodium retaining hormones has been recently enlarged to include their function as modulators of cardiovascular function and injury. This study evaluated the contribution of possible functional changes in resistance vessels to the additional BP increase produced by the chronic administration of DOCA to SHR. The flow-pressure(More)
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