Virginia Castillo

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Protein aggregation underlies a wide range of human disorders. The polypeptides involved in these pathologies might be intrinsically unstructured or display a defined 3D-structure. Little is known about how globular proteins aggregate into toxic assemblies under physiological conditions, where they display an initially folded conformation. Protein(More)
AIMS The failure of proteins to fold or to remain folded very often leads to their deposition into amyloid fibrils and is the origin of a variety of human diseases. Accordingly, mutations that destabilize the native conformation are associated with pathological phenotypes in several protein models. Protein backbone cyclization by disulfide bond crosslinking(More)
Amyloid fibril formation is implicated in different human diseases. The transition between native α-helices and nonnative intermolecular β-sheets has been suggested to be a trigger of fibrillation in different conformational diseases. The FF domain of the URN1 splicing factor (URN1-FF) is a small all-α protein that populates a molten globule (MG) at low pH.(More)
BACKGROUND Protein aggregation is linked to the onset of an increasing number of human nonneuropathic (either localized or systemic) and neurodegenerative disorders. In particular, misfolding of native α-helical structures and their self-assembly into nonnative intermolecular β-sheets has been proposed to trigger amyloid fibril formation in Alzheimer's and(More)
We have made the first observation of a charged particle beam by means of its electro-optical effect on the propagation of laser light in a birefringent crystal at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility. Polarized infrared light was coupled to a LiNbO 3 crystal through a polarization maintaining fiber of 4 micron diameter. An electron(More)
Cancer is a complex disease and thus is complicated to model. However, simple models that describe the main processes involved in tumoral dynamics, e.g., competition and mutation, can give us clues about cancer behaviour, at least qualitatively, also allowing us to make predictions. Here we analyze a simplified quasispecies mathematical model given by(More)
We simulate the far-from-equilibrium irreversible expansion of a compressed ideal gas in two space dimensions. For this problem the particle trajectories from conventional Smooth Particle Applied Mechanics are isomorphic to those from a corresponding molecular dynamics simulation. The smooth-particle \weight function", used to describe the expanding gas, is(More)
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