Virginia Bilanchone

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Mitochondrial preproteins destined for the matrix are translocated by two channel-forming transport machineries, the translocase of the outer membrane and the presequence translocase of the inner membrane. The presequence translocase-associated protein import motor (PAM) contains four essential subunits: the matrix heat shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) and its(More)
Recent studies have unequivocally identified multipotent stem/progenitor cells in mammary glands, offering a tractable model system to unravel genetic and epigenetic regulation of epithelial stem/progenitor cell development and homeostasis. In this study, we show that Pygo2, a member of an evolutionarily conserved family of plant homeo domain-containing(More)
We report the results of an analysis of Ty3 transcription and identification of Ty3 regions that mediate pheromone and mating-type regulation to coordinate its expression with the yeast life cycle. A set of strains was constructed which was isogenic except for the number of Ty3 elements, which varied from zero to three. Analysis of Ty3 expression in these(More)
The yeast COX5a and COX5b genes encode isoforms of subunit Va of the mitochondrial inner membrane protein complex cytochrome c oxidase. These genes have been shown to be inversely regulated at the level of transcription by oxygen, which functions through the metabolic coeffector heme. In earlier studies we identified several regulatory elements that control(More)
The Ty3 retrotransposon assembles into 50-nm virus-like particles that occur in large intracellular clusters in the case of wild-type (wt) Ty3. Within these particles, maturation of the Gag3 and Gag3-Pol3 polyproteins by Ty3 protease produces the structural proteins capsid (CA), spacer, and nucleocapsid. Secondary and tertiary structure predictions showed(More)
Expression of the budding yeast retrotransposon Ty3 results in production of viruslike particles (VLPs) and retrotransposition. The Ty3 major structural protein, Gag3, similar to retrovirus Gag, is processed into capsid, spacer, and nucleocapsid (NC) during VLP maturation. The 57-amino-acid Ty3 NC protein has 17 basic amino acids and contains one copy of(More)
Human alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) exists as a heterogeneous group of isozymes capable of oxidizing a wide variety of aliphatic and aromatic alcohols. The five distinct human ADH subunits, each encoded by a separate gene, are differentially expressed during development and are subject to tissue-specific regulation. To analyze the organization and regulation(More)
Transcriptional control plays a key role in regulating epidermal proliferation and differentiation. Although ample information has been obtained on how epidermal homeostasis is controlled in adult skin, less is known about the control of proliferation/differentiation of epidermal stem/progenitor cells in the developing embryo. Ovol1, encoding a zinc finger(More)
Previous studies have shown that a targeted deletion of Ovol1 (previously known as movo1), encoding a member of the Ovo family of zinc-finger transcription factors, leads to germ cell degeneration and defective sperm production in adult mice. To explore the cellular and molecular mechanism of Ovol1 function, we have examined the mutant testis phenotype(More)
Human class I alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes show developmental and tissue specific differences in expression at the polypeptide level. In these studies ADH expression was investigated at the RNA level. Northern blot analysis of total and poly (A) RNA from adult liver using pADH12 probe demonstrated multiple RNA size classes of 2.6, 2.2, 1.9 and 1.6kb.(More)