Virginia Best

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A common complaint among listeners with hearing loss (HL) is that they have difficulty communicating in common social settings. This article reviews how normal-hearing listeners cope in such settings, especially how they focus attention on a source of interest. Results of experiments with normal-hearing listeners suggest that the ability to selectively(More)
In complex scenes, the identity of an auditory object can build up across seconds. Given that attention operates on perceptual objects, this perceptual buildup may alter the efficacy of selective auditory attention over time. Here, we measured identification of a sequence of spoken target digits presented with distracter digits from other directions to(More)
The phenomenon of binaural interference, where binaural judgments of a high-frequency target stimulus are disrupted by the presence of a simultaneous low-frequency interferer, can largely be explained using principles of auditory grouping and segregation. Evidence for this relationship comes from a number of previous studies showing that the manipulation of(More)
Three-dimensional sound localization of speech in anechoic space was examined for eleven listeners with sensorineural hearing loss. The listeners were fitted bilaterally with CIC and BTE hearing aids having similar bandwidth capabilities. The goal was to determine whether differences in microphone placement for these two styles (CICs at the ear canal(More)
The effect of spatial separation on the ability of human listeners to resolve a pair of concurrent broadband sounds was examined. Stimuli were presented in a virtual auditory environment using individualized outer ear filter functions. Subjects were presented with two simultaneous noise bursts that were either spatially coincident or separated (horizontally(More)
BACKGROUND In the 1970s and 1980s, mortality and morbidity rates for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) increased throughout the developed world. As AAAs are associated with similar risk factors to other cardiovascular diseases that have recently decreased in incidence, the incidence of AAA should show a similar declining trend. METHODS Routinely collected(More)
This study measured the accuracy with which human listeners can localize spoken words. A broadband (300 Hz-16 kHz) corpus of monosyllabic words was created and presented tolisteners using a virtual auditory environment. Localization was examined for 76 locations ona sphere surrounding the listener. Experiment 1 showed that low-pass filtering the speech(More)
Are musicians better able to understand speech in noise than non-musicians? Recent findings have produced contradictory results. Here we addressed this question by asking musicians and non-musicians to understand target sentences masked by other sentences presented from different spatial locations, the classical 'cocktail party problem' in speech science.(More)
This study examined spatial release from masking (SRM) when a target talker was masked by competing talkers or by other types of sounds. The focus was on the role of interaural time differences (ITDs) and time-varying interaural level differences (ILDs) under conditions varying in the strength of informational masking (IM). In the first experiment, a target(More)
An experiment was performed that measured, for the frontal audio-visual horizon, how accurately listeners could localize a female-voice target amidst four spatially distributed male-voice maskers. To examine whether listeners can make use of a priori knowledge about the configuration of the sources, performance was examined in two conditions: either the(More)