Virginia B. Kraus

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OBJECTIVE To compare the knee-alignment angle from a full-limb radiograph (mechanical axis) with the anatomic-axis angle as measured by physical examination using a goniometer and by 2 other radiographic methods. METHODS The knee-alignment angle was measured in 114 knees of 57 subjects who had radiographic osteoarthritis (OA), with a Kellgren/Lawrence(More)
Osteoarthritis affects the whole joint structure with progressive changes in cartilage, menisci, ligaments and subchondral bone, and synovial inflammation. Biomarkers are being developed to quantify joint remodelling and disease progression. This article was prepared following a working meeting of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) biomarkers are needed by researchers and clinicians to assist in disease diagnosis and assessment of disease severity, risk of onset, and progression. As effective agents for OA are developed and tested in clinical studies, biomarkers that reliably mirror or predict the progression or amelioration of OA will also be needed. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate 10 biomarkers in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-determined, pre-radiographically defined osteoarthritis (pre-ROA) and radiographically defined OA (ROA) in a population-based cohort of subjects with symptomatic knee pain. METHODS Two hundred one white subjects with knee pain, ages 40-79 years, were classified into OA subgroups(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous descriptions of potential biomarkers of osteoarthritis (OA) have been limited to Caucasians. In the present study, we examined associations between serum levels of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and ethnicity (African American or Caucasian) and sex in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project, a population-based study of OA(More)
STUDY DESIGN The mRNA levels of aggrecan and collagen were quantified in intervertebral disc cells cultured under three conditions: primary alginate culture, monolayer culture, and re-encapsulation in alginate after monolayer culture. OBJECTIVES To compare the phenotype of intervertebral disc cells under different culture conditions and to investigate the(More)
This study examined the degree to which pain catastrophizing and pain-related fear explain pain, psychological disability, physical disability, and walking speed in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Participants in this study were 106 individuals diagnosed as having OA of at least one knee, who reported knee pain persisting for six months or(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and slowly progressive disease for which biomarkers may be able to provide a more rapid indication of therapeutic responses to therapy than is currently available; this could accelerate and facilitate OA drug discovery and development programs. The goal of this document is to provide a summary and guide to the(More)
This study examined arthritis self-efficacy and self-efficacy for resisting eating as predictors of pain, disability, and eating behaviors in overweight or obese patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Patients (N=174) with a body mass index between 25 and 42 completed measures of arthritis-related self-efficacy, weight-related self-efficacy, pain,(More)
Osteoarthritis is a painful and debilitating disease characterized by progressive degenerative changes in the articular cartilage and other joint tissues. Biomechanical factors play a critical role in the initiation and progression of this disease, as evidenced by clinical and animal studies of alterations in the mechanical environment of the joint caused(More)