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Poorly differentiated (PD) thyroid carcinomas lie both morphologically and behaviorally between well-differentiated and undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinomas. Following the original description of this entity, different diagnostic criteria have been employed, resulting in wide discrepancies and confusion among pathologists and clinicians worldwide. To(More)
A population-based case-control interview study of thyroid cancer (159 cases and 285 controls) was conducted in Connecticut. Prior radiotherapy to the head or neck was reported by 12% of the cases and 4% of the controls [odds ratio (OR) = 2.8; 95% confidence interval = 1.2-6.9]. Risk was inversely related to age at irradiation and was highest among children(More)
High-grade transformation of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) (previously referred to as dedifferentiation) is a rare phenomenon that does not fit into the traditional ACC grading schemes. The importance and minimal criteria for distinction from solid (grade III) ACC are not well established. We report 11 new cases and review the literature to further define(More)
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is clinically heterogeneous. Apart from an association with ionizing radiation, the etiology and molecular biology of PTC is poorly understood. We used oligo-based DNA arrays to study the expression profiles of eight matched pairs of normal thyroid and PTC tissues. Additional PTC tumors and other tissues were studied by(More)
Forty-seven cases of malignant mixed tumor (MMT) arising in major and minor salivary glands are presented. By definition, all these lesions contained both a benign mixed tumor (BMT) as well as a malignant neoplasm, usually a poorly differentiated carcinoma. In some cases, the carcinoma developed in a previously untreated salivary gland mass which was known(More)
A case-control study to identify risk factors for epithelial ovarian cancer was undertaken among women in the age group 45-74 years who had been admitted to seven hospitals in Connecticut between July, 1977, and March, 1979. Characteristics that were found to increase the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer included being white, never having been pregnant,(More)
Thyroid nodules are common and, depending on the detection technique used, can affect 50% or greater of the population. The primary diagnostic test to assess the nature of these nodules is fine-needle aspiration cytology. Most thyroid nodules are benign and often are multiple. However, the morphology of these nodules may mimic neoplasms showing features(More)
We studied the pattern of E-cadherin expression in 183 invasive carcinomas (100 ductal, 42 lobular, 41 with mixed ductal and lobular features) and 198 in situ carcinomas (131 ductal, 53 lobular, 14 in situ with ductal and lobular features) by immunohistochemistry. We found a highly significant correlation of E-cadherin membrane expression with the(More)
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) sponsored the NCI Thyroid Fine-needle Aspiration (FNA) State of the Science Conference on October 22-23, 2007 in Bethesda, MD. The two-day meeting was accompanied by a permanent informational website and several on-line discussion periods between May 1 and December 15, 2007 (http://thyroidfna.cancer.gov). This document(More)
Five cases of spindle cell squamous carcinoma of the thyroid associated with tall cell papillary carcinoma were examined. The unusual spindle cell squamous carcinoma in these cases resembles those previously described in other sites, including the breast and oropharynx. Three patients demonstrated concurrent spindle cell squamous anaplastic carcinoma and(More)