Virginia A. Livolsi

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Acknowledgments We would like to recognize Elliot Sternthal, MD, FACE, and Joseph Vassalotti, MD, for their review of these guidelines and thoughtful comments.
Two hundred and three patients with single thyroid nodules were referred for radioactive scan of the thyroid. Solitary "cold" nodules were identified in 130 patients and 68 of these patients came to surgery. Of this group, 12 patients were found to have carcinoma. There was no obvious selection process which distinguished the 68 patients who underwent(More)
Fungal Rhinosinusitis (FRS) is a well known entity, but only in more recent times have the types of FRS been more fully defined. In this study, we evaluate the diagnosis of FRS in a single medical center. Cases were divided into 2 main categories, non-invasive and invasive. Non-invasive FRS included fungus ball (FB) and allergic fungal rhinosinusitis(More)
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Medical Guidelines for Clinical Practice are systematically developed statements to assist health-care professionals in medical decision making for specific clinical conditions. Most of the content herein is based on literature reviews. In areas of uncertainty, professional judgment was applied. These(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a high metastatic potential, and most commonly metastasizes via the bloodstream, although lymphatic metastases also occur. RCC is well-known for its propensity to metastasize to unusual sites, and late metastasis, even after a number of years, is common. The occurrence of RCC metastasis to the head and neck region is uncommon,(More)
The promise of personalized medicine will require rigorously validated molecular diagnostics developed on minimally invasive, clinically relevant samples. Measurement of DNA mutations is increasingly common in clinical settings but only higher-prevalence mutations are cost-effective. Patients with rare variants are at best ignored or, at worst,(More)
REAH is a rare benign lesion of the sinonasal tract. The nasal cavity, particularly the posterior nasal septum, is the most common site of involvement. It usually occurs unilaterally and can be cured with conservative surgical resection. We present an unusual case of adenomatoid hamartoma involving bilateral olfactory recesses and discuss the importance of(More)
A 51-year-old female was diagnosed preoperatively to have a pheochromocytoma producing ACTH. This diagnosis was based upon her paroxysmal hypertension, hyperpigmentation, and hypokalemia. Elevated levels of serum and urine corticosteroids, plasma ACTH, urinary VMA, and catecholamines fell after a right adrenal pheochromocytoma was removed. Subsequently this(More)
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