Virginia A. Lightner

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Tenascin, together with thrombospondin and SPARC, form a family of matrix proteins that, when added to bovine aortic endothelial cells, caused a dose-dependent reduction in the number of focal adhesion-positive cells to approximately 50% of albumin-treated controls. For tenascin, a maximum response was obtained with 20-60 micrograms/ml of protein. The(More)
We describe a protocol for purifying hexabrachion from conditioned medium of cell cultures, using gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl 500, followed by anion-exchange chromatography on a Mono Q column, followed optionally by a second gel filtration or zone sedimentation on glycerol gradients. The protocol has several advantages over previous(More)
The expression of tenascin, an extracellular matrix glycoprotein, was studied in three human prostatic carcinoma cell lines by Northern and Western blot analyses and in human prostate tissues by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. All three carcinoma cell lines expressed tenascin mRNA and protein, which were found predominantly in secreted form(More)
Astrocytes secrete laminin-like molecules in culture and may represent a major source of laminin in the developing central nervous system, yet these laminins have not been extensively characterized. We previously reported the presence of an astrocyte-derived variant laminin in media conditioned by human U251 MG astrocytoma cells. This laminin was partially(More)
Hexabrachion is a large glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that is prominent in embryogenesis, wound healing and tumorigenesis. Because of the role of extracellular matrix proteins in the regulation of cell differentiation and migration, the interaction of hexabrachion with cells as well as with other components of the ECM is of great interest.(More)
OBJECTIVE Tenascin is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein with effects on cell adhesion, cell migration, and lymphocyte activation. We proposed to identify the expression of human tenascin messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in inflammatory synovitis and in normal synovium, and to identify potential regulatory cytokines. METHODS Immunohistochemistry and in(More)
Junctional microfibrils, which span the lamina lucida of the vertebrate myotendinous junction, are thought to function in force transmission at the junction. This hypothesis has been tested by disrupting junctional microfibrils through elimination of extracellular divalent cations, and determining the effects of this treatment on the ultrastructure and(More)
The extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin is limited to the periductal matrix of normal breast tissue but is markedly increased in both malignant and fibroadenomatous proliferations. It has been hypothesized that the changes in tenascin expression in these tissues are the result of epithelial induction of tenascin expression by the underlying(More)
Tenascin expression was evaluated in 21 human glioma cell lines and in normal adult tissue extracts by Western and Northern blotting. The cell lines differed in their relative expression of tenascin in the cell-associated and supernatant compartments. Glioma cell line tenascin production was not uniformly stimulated by changes in fetal bovine serum(More)