Virgil T Gaddy

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In this study, human MCF-7 breast cancer cells, which express functional estrogen and progesterone receptors, were used to compare the efficacy of combined antiestrogen plus antiprogestin therapy to antiestrogen monotherapy. Cells were treated with the antiestrogen 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) and/or the antiprogestin mifepristone (MIF) and effects on cell(More)
This study identifies macroautophagy as a key mechanism of cell survival in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer cells undergoing treatment with 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT). This selective ER modifier is an active metabolite of tamoxifen commonly used for the treatment of breast cancer. Our study provides the following key findings: (a) only 20% to(More)
PURPOSE A major clinical problem in the treatment of breast cancer is the inherent and acquired resistance to antiestrogen therapy. In this study, we sought to determine whether antiprogestin treatment, used as a monotherapy or in combination with antiestrogen therapy, induced growth arrest and active cell death in antiestrogen-resistant breast cancer(More)
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