Virgínia Soares Lemos

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Reversal of the Na+/Ca2+ -exchanger (NCX) has been shown to mediate Ca2+ influx during activation of G-protein linked receptors. Functional coupling between the reverse-mode NCX and the canonical transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs) has been proposed to mediate Ca2+ influx in HEK-293 cells overexpressing TRPC3. In this communication we present(More)
Thiamine is an important cofactor of metabolic enzymes, and its deficiency leads to cardiovascular dysfunction. First, we characterized the metabolic status measuring resting oxygen consumption rate and lactate blood concentration after 35 days of thiamine deficiency (TD). The results pointed to a decrease in resting oxygen consumption and a twofold(More)
Endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in large vessels is mainly attributed to Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)-sensitive endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)-derived NO production. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) is the component of endothelium-dependent relaxations that resists full blockade of NO synthases (NOS) and(More)
The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is increasingly recognized as a physiological mediator of Ca2+ influx and significantly contributes to salt-sensitive hypertension. We recently reported that Ca2+ influx by the NCX (1) is the primary mechanism of Ca2+ entry in purinergically stimulated rat aorta smooth muscle cells and (2) requires functional coupling with(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] has biological actions that can often be distinguished from those of angiotensin II (Ang II). Recent studies indicate that the effects of Ang-(1-7) are mediated by specific receptor(s). We now report the partial characterization of a new antagonist selective for Ang-(1-7), D-Pro7-Ang-(1-7). D-Pro7-Ang-(1-7) (50 pmol) inhibited(More)
We have recently described, in the mouse aorta, the vasodilator effect of angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)) was mediated by activation of the Mas Ang-(1-7) receptor and that A-779 and D-Pro7-Ang-(1-7) act as Mas receptor antagonists. In this work we show pharmacological evidence for the existence of a different Ang-(1-7) receptor subtype mediating the(More)
The hypotensive and vasorelaxant effect of dioclein in resistance mesenteric arteries was studied in intact animals and isolated vessels, respectively. In intact animals, initial bolus administration of dioclein (2.5 mg kg(-1)) produced transient hypotension accompanied by an increase in heart rate. Subsequent doses of dioclein (5 and 10 mg kg(-1)) produced(More)
The aim of the present work was to further characterize intracellular calcium stores released by angiotensin II (Ang II) in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and to study their alterations associated with proliferation. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration was monitored by image analysis in(More)
Recently, we demonstrated that the endothelium-dependent vasodilator effect of angiotensin(1-7) in the mouse aorta is abolished by genetic deletion of the G protein-coupled receptor encoded by the Mas protooncogene. To circumvent the limitations posed by the possible metabolism of Ang(1-7) in this vessel, in this work we studied the mechanism underlying the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Vasculopathies represent the main cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetes. Vascular malfunctioning in diabetes is associated with abnormal vasoconstriction and Ca(2+) handling by smooth muscle cells (SMC). Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K) are key mediators of insulin action and have been shown to modulate the function of(More)