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Recent studies have shown that, in a wide variety of cells, mitochondria respond dynamically to physiological changes in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](c)). Mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake occurs via a ruthenium red-sensitive calcium uniporter and a rapid mode of Ca(2+) uptake. Surprisingly, the molecular identity of these Ca(2+) transport proteins(More)
The effect of carbachol on free intracellular calcium concentration, ([Ca2+]i) and on intracellular hydrogen concentration (pHi) was determined from fluorescence signals obtained from rat ventricular myocytes. Application of carbachol (300 mumol/l) to quin2-loaded myocytes bathed in 2 mmol/l Ca2+-containing solution caused [Ca2+]i to increase within 7-10(More)
Studies with electron microscopy have shown that sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and mitochondria locate close to each other in cardiac muscle cells. We investigated the hypothesis that this proximity results in a transient exposure of mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (CaUP) to high concentrations of Ca2+ following Ca2+ release from the SR and thus an influx of(More)
Mitochondria in a variety of cell types respond to physiological Ca(2+) oscillations in the cytosol dynamically with Ca(2+) uptakes. In heart cells, mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptakes occur by a ruthenium red-sensitive Ca(2+) uniporter (CaUP), a rapid mode of Ca(2+) uptake (RaM) and a ryanodine receptor (RyR) localized in the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM).(More)
Critical events for vasoconstrictor and growth factor signal transduction include stimulation of phospholipase Cgamma (PLCgamma) and elevation of intracellular calcium. c-Src has been proposed as a common mediator for these signals activated by both G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and tyrosine kinase-coupled receptors (TKRs). Here we show that the GPCR(More)
There is increasing support for the idea that excessive production of proinflammatory mediators such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiac dysfunction. However, the mechanisms by which cytokine/ROS production mediates cardiac dysfunction have not been established. Given that apoptosis(More)
Inductance profile has an important bearing on the performance of a Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) This paper presents the results of a frequency respolse method to estimate the inductance profde of SRMs. Stator winding is energized by a variable voltage variable Frequency supply. An approximate equivalent circuit incorporating stator resistance, winding(More)