Violetta Skalski

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The cytotoxicity of a new compound, sarcosinamide chloroethylnitrosourea (SarCNU), was compared with that of the clinically available bis-chloroethylnitrosourea (BCNU) in 13 primary human gliomas and in 3 human glioma cell lines using the Human Tumor Cloning Assay (HTCA). At concentrations ≤16 μg/ml, SarCNU reduced the growth to ≤30% of control in 11 of 13(More)
The transport of the amino acid amide N-[3H]sarcosinamide (methyl glycinamide) was investigated in human glioma SK-MG-1 cells. Sarcosinamide uptake was found to be temperature dependent, sodium independent, and linear up to 1 min at 22 degrees C. Equilibrium was reached after 10 min at 22 degrees C with accumulation slightly above unity. Sarcosinamide was(More)
We investigated the transport of [chloroethyl-14C]melphalan with lymphocytes from three groups of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (untreated, treated sensitive, and treated resistant). There was no significant difference in the Km or Vmax of melphalan transport in lymphocytes from the three groups. In addition, there were no significant(More)
p53 exhibits 3′-5′ exonuclease activity and the significance of this biochemical function is currently not defined. In order to gain information about the potential role(s) of this exonuclease activity, recombinant and wild-type human p53 was examined for excision of nucleotides from defined synthetic DNA substrates. p53 removes nucleotides threefold faster(More)
Sodium cyanate (NaOCN) at a dose of 250 mg/kg was shown to decrease protein synthesis in P388 leukemia tumor cells to approximately 52% of control values at 2 h and 32% at 5 h after NaOCN administration, without a corresponding decrease in various normal tissues of the tumor-bearing CD2Fl mice. CD2Fl mice that had received P388 tumor cells IP 1 day prior to(More)
The cytotoxicities of a new sarcosinamide analog of chloroethylnitrosourea (SarCNU) and of BCNU were examined in the glioma cell line SK-MG-1 in the presence or absence of excess concentrations of amino acids and sarcosinamide. The cytotoxicity of SarCNU, but not of BCNU, was significantly reduced in the presence of excess sarcosinamide. The stability of(More)
Resistance to (2-chloroethyl)-3-sarcosinamide-1-nitrosourea (SarCNU), an experimental antitumor compound, was investigated in the sensitive SK-MG-1 cells and the 20-fold more resistant SKI-1 human glioma cells [which are 3-fold more resistant to 1,3,bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU)]. The transport of SarCNU was examined by utilizing tritiated(More)
DNA replication is a highly accurate process designed to duplicate the entire genome of a cell during each cell division. The accuracy of DNA replication is derived from the balance between three important components: base selectivity by the replicative DNA polymerases (pols), exonucleolytic proofreading, and post-replicative mismatch repair. Previously we(More)
The transport of the amino acid amide A'-|3H]sarcosinamide (methyl glycinamide) »asinvestigated in human glioma SK-MG-1 cells. Sarcos inamide uptake was found to be temperature dependent, sodium inde pendent, and linear up to 1 min at 22°C. Equilibrium was reached after 10 min at 22°Cwith accumulation slightly above unity. Sarcosinamide was not(More)
The inoculation of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) into chickens results in the induction of tumors which usually grow progressively for several weeks and then regress. We have found that the direct injection of phorbol myristate acetate into growing RSV-induced sarcomas resulted in accelerated tumor regression in each of 11 cases studied. We further found that(More)