Violetta Kékesi

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OBJECTIVES Recently, extremely high levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) were detected in the pericardial fluid of patients with heart disease; however, the pathophysiological importance of this finding is not known. The present study was designed to characterize ET-1 levels in canine pericardial fluid and to investigate the effects of local high concentrations of(More)
Endothelin-1 secretion and sympathetic activation may play important role in cardiovascular pathophysiology. In vivo interactions between these systems are not defined. We aimed to study the electrophysiological and haemodynamic effects of simultaneous intracoronary endothelin-1 and intravenous isoproterenol infusions. 18 anaesthetised open chest dogs were(More)
Spinal cord damage during and after thoracoabdominal aortic cross-clamping continues to be a major problem. Somatosensory and motor evoked potentials have been used to monitor spinal cord function but their value for predicting paraplegia has been controversial. The aim of this study was to measure biochemical markers in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)
Adenosine and inosine are believed to have cardioprotective effects. However, little is known about their possible role in the metabolic autoregulation of human coronaries and in pathologic conditions with supply/demand imbalance of the heart such as coronary artery disease. Since these low molecular weight nucleosides freely diffuse through the monolayer(More)
OBJECTIVE Free radical production and related cytotoxicity during ischemia and reperfusion might lead to DNA strand breakage, which activates the nuclear enzyme poly-ADP-ribose synthetase and initiates an energy-consuming and inefficient cellular metabolic cycle with transfer of the adenosine diphosphate-ribosyl moiety of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in monophasic action potentials (MAP) from different sites in the heart and to determine MAP dispersion during endothelin-1 (ET-1) infusion. Standard ECG, left ventricular anterior, right ventricular lateral, right ventricular septal, and right ventricular apical MAPs and intra-arterial blood pressure(More)
The effect of atrial stretching on the genesis of atrial arrhythmias was studied in 26 dogs. Left atrial dilatation was produced by inflation of a balloon catheter. Electrophysiological studies were performed by programmed electrical stimulation of the atrium and ventricle. The irritability of the atrium markedly increased when it was distended and atrial(More)
In a previous study we established that endothelin-1 (ET-1) can induce characteristic ventricular tachycardias (VT) with significant prolongation of QT and QTc time. In this investigation we studied the role of CA2+ channels in the pro-arrhythmic effects of ET-1. In 24 anesthetized, open-chest mongrel dogs, ET-1 was administered into the left anterior(More)
The development of ventricular tachyarrhythmias caused by low-dose intracoronary infusion of endothelin-1 (ET-1) has recently been observed in dogs. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathomechanism of ET-1-induced ventricular arrhythmias in 32 anesthetized, open-chest mongrel dogs in group A (n = 14) without, in group B (n = 14), and in(More)
BACKGROUND Increased right ventricular afterload is a common problem after correction of various heart diseases with chronic volume overload. We determined the effects of an acute increase of right ventricular afterload in normal and chronically volume overloaded hearts. METHODS In 6 dogs, volume overload was induced by chronic arteriovenous shunts for 3(More)