Violetta Borelli

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A role for mast cells (MC) in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been suggested, based on the analysis of human lesions and on an animal model of the disease (EAE). What role MC play in the development of MS is not well understood. We hypothesized that the link connecting MC with demyelinating diseases may be represented by their interaction(More)
Secretion in neutrophils is thought to be regulated in different ways for the different granule types. Specific granules are endowed with proteins which are related to docking and fusion events and are absent on azurophilic granules. Furthermore, even if secretion of content from all neutrophil granules is a Ca(2+)-dependent process, a higher concentration(More)
The evidence that small GTPases of the Rab family are regulators of vesicle traffic which can influence various cell functions prompted us to investigate the potential role of one of these proteins, Rab5a, in human neutrophils. In this paper we show that a large amount of Rab5a is present in the cytosol of peripheral blood mature neutrophils. The remaining(More)
We investigated the antimycobacterial role of myeloperoxidase (MPO), one of the most abundant granule proteins in human neutrophils. Our data indicate that purified MPO, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, exerts a consistent killing activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and against a clinical isolate. The activity is time and dose dependent(More)
AIMS The aim of this clinical trial was to compare clinical and biochemical healing outcomes following ultrasonic mechanical instrumentation versus ultrasonic mechanical instrumentation associated with topical subgingival application of amino acids and sodium hyaluronate gel. METHODS Eleven systemically healthy subjects with moderate-severe chronic(More)
The antimycobacterial role of eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), one of the most abundant granule proteins in human eosinophils, was investigated. Our data indicate that purified EPO shows significant inhibitory activity towards Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. On a molar basis, this activity was similar to that exhibited by neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) and(More)
OBJECTIVE A neuropathic basis has been suggested for burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and an altered concentration of neuropeptides has been reported in lingual oral mucosa and saliva in this disease. The aims of this study were to compare the levels of nerve growth factor (NGF), substance P (SP) and degranulation products from mast cells and neutrophils in the(More)
Mast cells (MCs) reside in tissues that are common targets of Candida spp. infections, and can exert bactericidal activity, but little is known about their fungicidal activity. MCs purified from rat peritoneum (RPMC) and a clinical isolate of C. albicans, were employed. Ingestion was evaluated by flow cytometry (FACS) and optical microscopy. The killing(More)
OBJECTIVES The antitumour effect of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) still remains relatively undefined. Most investigations on its mechanism of action have focused on mononuclear cells; little consideration has been given to granulocytes. We analysed urine of patients with bladder cancer during 8 wk of intravesical BCG prophylaxis. The number of(More)
The mutual interaction between monocytes and low density lipoprotein (LDL) in atherogenesis prompted a test of the hypothesis that LDL-apheresis could reduce the adhesive properties of monocytes to endothelium; and therefore interfere with a key mechanism in atheroma formation. Five patients affected by heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia were(More)