Violetta Borelli

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The antimycobacterial role of eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), one of the most abundant granule proteins in human eosinophils, was investigated. Our data indicate that purified EPO shows significant inhibitory activity towards Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. On a molar basis, this activity was similar to that exhibited by neutrophil myeloperoxidase (MPO) and(More)
OBJECTIVE A neuropathic basis has been suggested for burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and an altered concentration of neuropeptides has been reported in lingual oral mucosa and saliva in this disease. The aims of this study were to compare the levels of nerve growth factor (NGF), substance P (SP) and degranulation products from mast cells and neutrophils in the(More)
A role for mast cells (MC) in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been suggested, based on the analysis of human lesions and on an animal model of the disease (EAE). What role MC play in the development of MS is not well understood. We hypothesized that the link connecting MC with demyelinating diseases may be represented by their interaction(More)
The evidence that small GTPases of the Rab family are regulators of vesicle traffic which can influence various cell functions prompted us to investigate the potential role of one of these proteins, Rab5a, in human neutrophils. In this paper we show that a large amount of Rab5a is present in the cytosol of peripheral blood mature neutrophils. The remaining(More)
We investigated the antimycobacterial role of myeloperoxidase (MPO), one of the most abundant granule proteins in human neutrophils. Our data indicate that purified MPO, in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, exerts a consistent killing activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and against a clinical isolate. The activity is time and dose dependent(More)
Mast cells (MCs) reside in tissues that are common targets of Candida spp. infections, and can exert bactericidal activity, but little is known about their fungicidal activity. MCs purified from rat peritoneum (RPMC) and a clinical isolate of C. albicans, were employed. Ingestion was evaluated by flow cytometry (FACS) and optical microscopy. The killing(More)
The ultrastructure of the interaction between the lysosomal compartment and the Mycobacterium tuberculosis-containing phagosomes in human resident alveolar macrophages has been analyzed in detail. Our findings confirm the widely accepted notion that the parasitophore vacuole is made nonfusogenic by the microorganism; however, the association between the(More)
Secretion in neutrophils is thought to be regulated in different ways for the different granule types. Specific granules are endowed with proteins which are related to docking and fusion events and are absent on azurophilic granules. Furthermore, even if secretion of content from all neutrophil granules is a Ca2 +-dependent process, a higher concentration(More)
Stimuli-responsive hydrogel matrices have attracted great attention in biomedical and biotechnological fields for controlled delivery of bioactive compounds, as well as a vehicle for therapeutic cell spreading. Elastin-derived biomimetic polypeptides are recombinant macromolecules suitable for the realization of smart biomaterials. In this study, we(More)
INTRODUCTION Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is used to treat high risk superficial bladder cancer, but its anti-tumor effect remains incompletely defined. Recently a role for polymophonuclear (PMN) neutrophils has been suggested. To investigate the role of granulocytes, we monitored the activation state of these cells in the urine of BCG-treated patients.(More)