Inhibitory connections among striatal projection neurons (SPNs) called "feedback inhibition," have been proposed to endow the striatal microcircuit with computational capabilities, such as motor sequence selection, filtering, and the emergence of alternating network states. These properties are disrupted in models of Parkinsonism. However, the impact of… (More)
Medium spiny projection neurons (MSNs) are the main neuronal population in the neostriatum. MSNs are inhibitory and GABAergic. MSNs connect with other MSNs via local axon collaterals that produce lateral inhibition, which is thought to select cell assemblies for motor action. MSNs also receive inhibitory inputs from GABAergic local interneurons. This work… (More)
Somatostatin (SST) is a peptide synthesized and released by a class of neostriatal local GABAergic interneurons, which, to some extent, are in charge of the feedforward inhibitory circuit. Spiny projection neurons (SPNs) make synapses with each other via their local axon collaterals, shaping the feedback inhibitory circuit. Both inhibitory circuits,… (More)
The striosome (or patch) was first identified with anatomical techniques as neurons organized in a three-dimensional labyrinth inserted in and interdigitating the rest of neostriatum: the matrix. Striosome and matrix rapidly became known as two neuronal compartments expressing different biochemical markers, embryonic development and afferent and efferent… (More)
Most neurons in the striatum are projection neurons (SPNs) which make synapses with each other within distances of approximately 100 µm. About 5% of striatal neurons are GABAergic interneurons whose axons expand hundreds of microns. Short-term synaptic plasticity (STSP) between fast-spiking (FS) interneurons and SPNs and between SPNs has been described with… (More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) are crucial for the function of excitatory neurotransmission and are present at the synapse and on the extrasynaptic membrane. The major nucleus of the basal ganglia, striatum, receives a large glutamatergic excitatory input carrying information about movements and associated sensory stimulation for its proper… (More)
The cell assembly (CA) hypothesis has been used as a conceptual framework to explain how groups of neurons form memories. CAs are defined as neuronal pools with synchronous, recurrent and sequential activity patterns. However, neuronal interactions and synaptic properties that define CAs signatures have been difficult to examine because identities and… (More)
Unfortunately, there is a typographical error in the original publication. The name of the designer drug throughout the article should be (DREADD) hM4Di and not hM3Di. It is important not to assume a double error since hM3Dq is an excitatory receptor while hM4Di, which has been used is inhibitory as stated in the paper. There is no designer drug named hM3Di.