Violeta Fernández

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Most children and adults living in areas where the endemicity of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is high have significantly elevated levels of both total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgE antimalarial antibodies in blood. This elevation is highest in patients with cerebral malaria, suggesting a pathogenic role for this immunoglobulin isotype. In this study, we(More)
Tetanus toxoid (TT) is a potent immunogen which evokes strong antibody responses after immunization. Here, TT was used as a model antigen to study the production of cytokines at the single-cell level during the in vitro immune response to a specific recall antigen. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from healthy volunteers before and 9 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of inosine at the mammalian neuromuscular junction (NMJ) has not been clearly defined. Moreover, inosine was classically considered to be the inactive metabolite of adenosine. Hence, we investigated the effect of inosine on spontaneous and evoked ACh release, the mechanism underlying its modulatory action and the receptor(More)
Neisseria meningitidis constitutes the main cause of meningococcal disease in infants. Serogroups A, B, C, W135, Y, and X have the higher incidence in young children and teenagers. The use of polyvalent conjugate carbohydrate-based vaccines has decreased the meningococcal infection around the world. Recently, the serogroup X has been found to be responsible(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae causes annually 826 000 deaths in children under fi ve years. The serotype 6B, one of higher incidence, is targeted by the Cuban research and development project to develop a conjugate vaccine. There is limited data on how modifi cations caused by conjugation affect the physicochemical and antigenic characteristics of(More)
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