Viola Pavlova

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Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) consume large quantities of seal blubber and other high trophic marine mammals and consequently have some of the highest tissue concentrations of organohalogen contaminants (OHCs) among Arctic biota. In the present paper we carried out a risk quotient (RQ) evaluation on OHC-exposed polar bears harvested from 1999 to 2008 and(More)
Reproductive activities are often associated with conspicuous morphology or behaviour that could be exploited by predators. Individuals can therefore face a trade-off between reproduction and predation risk. Here we use simple models to explore population-dynamical consequences of such a trade-off for populations subject to a mate-finding Allee effect and(More)
Climate change will increasingly affect the natural habitat and diet of polar bears (Ursus maritimus). Understanding the energetic needs of polar bears is therefore important. We developed a theoretical method for estimating polar bear food consumption based on using the highly recalcitrant polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congener, 2,2',4,4',55-hexaCB(More)
Paramagnetic properties of frozen samples of normal, fetal and regenerating liver tissues and of a number transplantable hepatomas of different level of differentiation were studied. The results obtained indicate that ESR spectrum character and the concentration of paramagnetic centres in frozen samples of live tissues as well reflect the differentiation(More)
We quantified the effect of multiple environmental and biological determinants on variation in home range size across multiple spatial (total-home range–core-home range areas) and temporal (seasonal and all seasons combined) scales for 22 adult female polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Svalbard, Norway (2003–2011). We also evaluated if considering(More)
Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from East Greenland and Svalbard exhibited very high concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the 1980s and 1990s. In Svalbard, slow population growth during that period was suspected to be linked to PCB contamination. In this case study, we explored how PCBs could have impacted polar bear population growth and/or(More)
With a series of mathematical models, we explore impacts of predation on a prey population structured into two age classes, juveniles and adults, assuming generalist, age-specific predators. Predation on any age class is either absent, or represented by types II or III functional responses, in various combinations. We look for Allee effects or more(More)
It is shown that an increase in the activity of glycolysis resulting from the rise of the hepatoma growth rate is accompanied by a decrease in the activity of the pentose-phosphate pathway and respiratory chain. It is supposed that variations in the activity both of different carbohydrate catabolism ways and the respiration with a rise of the hepatoma(More)
The cAMP phosphodiesterase activity in mouse hepatomas 46, 61 and 22A is established to be lower than in the normal liver. Sensitivity of enzymes to inhibitors in tumours is also lower. Dibutyryl-cAMP inhibits the growth of hepatoma 46 and leads to an increase in the functional activity of tumour cells.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can cause endocrine disruption, cancer, immunosuppression, or reproductive failure in animals. We used an individual-based model to explore whether and how PCB-associated reproductive failure could affect the dynamics of a hypothetical polar bear (Ursus maritimus) population exposed to PCBs to the same degree as the East(More)