Viola Calabrò

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Tight control of p63 protein levels must be achieved under differentiation or apoptotic conditions. Here, we describe a new regulatory pathway for the DeltaNp63alpha protein. We found that MDM2 binds DeltaNp63alpha in the nucleus promoting its translocation to the cytoplasm. The MDM2 nuclear localization signal is required for DeltaNp63alpha nuclear export(More)
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD; EC deficiency is a common genetic abnormality affecting an estimated 400 million people worldwide. Clinical and biochemical analyses have identified many variants exhibiting a range of phenotypes, which have been well characterized from the hematological point of view. However, until now, their precise(More)
The p14ARF tumor suppressor is a key regulator of cellular proliferation, frequently inactivated in human cancer. The mechanisms that regulate alternative reading frame (ARF) turnover have been obscure for long time, being ARF a relatively stable protein. Recently, it has been described that its degradation depends, at least in part, on the proteasome and(More)
The INK4a gene, one of the most often disrupted loci in human cancer, encodes two unrelated proteins, p16(INK4a) and p14(ARF) (ARF) both capable of inducing cell cycle arrest. Although it has been clearly demonstrated that ARF inhibits cell cycle via p53 stabilization, very little is known about the involvement of ARF in other cell cycle regulatory(More)
Genetic alteration of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, which monitors DNA damage and operates cell cycle checkpoints, is a major factor in the development of human malignancies. The p53 protein belongs to a family that also includes two structurally related proteins, p63 and p73. Although all three proteins share similar transcriptional functions and(More)
We have carried out a systematic study of the molecular basis of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency on a sample of 53 male subjects from Calabria, in southern Italy. Our sequential approach consisted of the following steps: (1) Partial biochemical characterization was used to pinpoint candidate known variants. The identity of these was then(More)
p63, a protein related to the tumor suppressor p53, is a transcription factor that plays an important role in epidermal differentiation and limb development. The gene has two distinct promoters that allow the formation of proteins that either contain (TA) or lack (DeltaN) a transactivation domain. In addition, alternative splicing at the 3' end generates(More)
Sub-families of related zinc finger protein genes have been defined on the basis of evolutionarily conserved structural features found outside the C2-H2 finger repeats. Such elements include the FAX domain found in a large number of Xenopus ZFPs, the evolutionarily conserved KRAB (Krüppel-associated box) and the ZiN (zinc finger N-terminal) domains. Here we(More)
The p14ARF tumor suppressor is a key regulator of cellular proliferation, frequently inactivated in human cancer, whose mode of action is currently not completely understood. We report here that the so-called human immunodeficiency virus Tat-binding protein-1 (TBP-1), a component of the 19 S regulatory subunit of the proteasome 26 S, also involved in(More)
We here show a new relationship between the human p14ARF oncosuppressor and the MDM2 oncoprotein. MDM2 overexpression in various cancer cell lines causes p14ARF reduction inducing its degradation through the proteasome. The effect does not require the ubiquitin ligase activity of MDM2 and preferentially occurs in the cytoplasm. Interestingly, treatment with(More)