Viola Andresen

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Oral linaclotide, a novel agonist of guanylate cylase-C, stimulates intestinal fluid secretion and transit, and decreases visceral hypersensitivity in animal studies. In healthy volunteers, linaclotide was safe, well tolerated, increased stool frequency, and decreased stool consistency and time to first bowel movement. This randomized,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We performed a systematic review and meta-analyses to estimate treatment efficacy and constipation rate of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) (5-HT(3)) antagonists in patients with nonconstipated (NC) or diarrhea-predominant (D)-irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS Two reviewers independently searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science(More)
Visceral hypersensitivity in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has been associated with altered cerebral activations in response to visceral stimuli. It is unclear whether these processing alterations are specific for visceral sensation. In this study we aimed to determine by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) whether cerebral processing of(More)
CCK and ghrelin exert antagonistic effects on ingestive behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate the interaction between ghrelin and CCK administered peripherally on food intake and neuronal activity in specific hypothalamic and brain stem nuclei, as assessed by c-Fos-like immunoreactivity (c-FLI) in nonfasted rats. Ghrelin (13 microg/kg(More)
AIM To determine by brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) whether cerebral processing of non-visceral stimuli is altered in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients compared with healthy subjects. To circumvent spinal viscerosomatic convergence mechanisms, we used auditory stimulation, and to identify a possible influence of psychological(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There is debate about how best to measure patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We pooled data to measure the psychometric properties of IBS end points, including binary responses (eg, "adequate relief") and 50% improvement in symptom severity. METHODS We pooled data from 12 IBS drug trials involving 10,066(More)
BACKGROUND Remote control of capsule endoscopes might allow reliable inspection of the human stomach. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of manipulation of a modified capsule endoscope with magnetic material (magnetic maneuverable capsule [MMC]) in the human stomach by using a handheld external magnet. DESIGN Open clinical trial. SETTING(More)
It is assumed, although not proven, that 13CO2-excretion following ingestion of 13C-octanoic acid (13C-OA) does not only depend on gastric emptying (GE) but also on absorption and metabolism of 13C-OA and endogenous CO2-production. Our aims were (i) to test the effects of patient characteristics and of diseases that may impair 13C-OA-metabolism on GE(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder affecting up to 3-15% of the general population in Western countries. It is characterised by unexplained abdominal pain, discomfort and bloating in association with altered bowel habits. The pathophysiology of IBS is considered to be multifactorial, involving(More)
Functional gastrointestinal disorders such as the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) cause substantial morbidity and a high amount of healthcare utilisation. However, no direct mortality can be attributed to functional disorders. Hence, drug treatment of IBS must not only be highly efficient to relieve clinical symptoms but also very safe for the long-term use(More)